What Were The Stonewall Riots?

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Show Notes

In a time where it was illegal to be who you were and love who you wanted to love, abuse and discrimination to the LGBTQ+ community was constant. What did discrimination look like? How did a routine police raid escalate, and what did people do when they finally had enough? In celebration of the 50th pride anniversary, Jac explains what the Stonewall riots were and how they lead to a liberation of gay rights in the United States.

Sources:

https://time.com/5598363/stonewall-beginnings-history/

https://www.history.com/topics/gay-rights/the-stonewall-riots

https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-stonewall-riot

https://time.com/5598363/stonewall-beginnings-history/

https://www.history.com/news/stonewall-riots-facts-gay-rights-lgbt

https://www.loc.gov/lgbt-pride-month/about/

https://www.hrw.org/topic/lgbt-rights?gclid=Cj0KCQjwrIf3BRD1ARIsAMuugNsh0JXXzcnPRRZjUz3cE-XQiVfVKW7yij32i7x7C22103jR2PXt0cgaAlVmEALw_wcB

https://www.parent24.com/Teen_13-18/Development/lgbtqiap-we-help-you-understand-23-gender-terms-20190124#:~:text=An%20acronym%20that%20stands%20for,%22not%20limited%20to%22).

https://www.glbthistory.org/

http://milkfoundation.org/about/harvey-milk-biography/

Transcript

0:00:00.000,0:00:04.380
hello everybody and welcome back to

0:00:02.460,0:00:11.010
another episode of how did we not know

0:00:04.380,0:00:16.109
that I’m Matt I’m Jack something really

0:00:11.010,0:00:20.100
exciting yeah okay so as you may or may

0:00:16.109,0:00:23.670
not know this month is Pride Month June

0:00:20.100,0:00:26.010
and this year is actually going to be

0:00:23.670,0:00:29.429
the 50th anniversary of the pride

0:00:26.010,0:00:32.279
parades so today I decided that we

0:00:29.429,0:00:33.750
should talk about Stonewall Riots

0:00:32.279,0:00:37.140
because that is a really significant

0:00:33.750,0:00:39.360
part of Pride history and I did not know

0:00:37.140,0:00:42.960
a lot about it I have a lot of friends

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in the lgbtq+ community and I’m always

0:00:42.960,0:00:47.239
hearing about the Stonewall Riots but I

0:00:44.610,0:00:51.390
never really looked into it for myself

0:00:47.239,0:00:54.030
to do today excited I also don’t know

0:00:51.390,0:00:59.010
all the details you know yeah all the

0:00:54.030,0:01:00.719
juicy details yeah so just start out

0:00:59.010,0:01:03.260
we’re actually going to talk about the

0:01:00.719,0:01:08.010
history of abuse to the lgbtq+ community

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because a lot of people they still get a

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lot of abuse today and a lot of the

0:01:09.869,0:01:14.909
reason for the rioting was because of

0:01:12.570,0:01:16.890
just getting tired of the abuse and

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taking a stand for themselves so a lot

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of members of the queer community in

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addition to just having straight-up

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bullying and hey were also victims of

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discriminatory laws so for a while it

0:01:24.840,0:01:29.310
was legal to deny the sale of alcohol or

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service to them they were also banned

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from working certain jobs especially

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those who were transgender homosexuality

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used to be called a mental disorder they

0:01:37.590,0:01:42.899
were called sick and there are also bans

0:01:40.320,0:01:44.729
on queers entering the army and they

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were allowed to be discriminated against

0:01:44.729,0:01:49.770
by their sexual orientation so all of

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this and there’s also terrible things

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with conversion therapy and like

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electric shock therapy that was legal to

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perform on anyone who identified as gay

0:02:00.420,0:02:05.969
or queer

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that’s awful yeah so now we’re gonna go

0:02:05.969,0:02:09.929
into the gay rights movement in America

0:02:07.290,0:02:12.060
so the first documented u.s. gay rights

0:02:09.929,0:02:13.180
organization it was actually the Society

0:02:12.060,0:02:17.430
for Human Rights

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now I was founded in Chicago in 1924

0:02:17.430,0:02:24.340
yeah and unfortunately they were police

0:02:21.489,0:02:28.829
raids on me organizations so they ended

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up disbanding within a year in 1925 Wow

0:02:28.829,0:02:36.790
yeah short-lived so after this time we

0:02:33.700,0:02:39.400
don’t really see a ton of gay rights

0:02:36.790,0:02:40.989
movement groups if they are they’re

0:02:39.400,0:02:44.170
really secretive I guess they’re not

0:02:40.989,0:02:46.959
documented but in the 60s of the USA

0:02:44.170,0:02:49.060
there was a lot of movements for civil

0:02:46.959,0:02:50.440
rights so there is the african-american

0:02:49.060,0:02:51.700
civil rights movement we talked about

0:02:50.440,0:02:53.920
the Native American civil rights

0:02:51.700,0:02:56.079
movement there’s the birth of feminism

0:02:53.920,0:02:58.180
which is women’s rights and then there’s

0:02:56.079,0:03:01.359
also a huge turning point for the gay

0:02:58.180,0:03:03.129
rights movement so right now in the

0:03:01.359,0:03:05.319
states it’s still illegal for you to

0:03:03.129,0:03:07.299
publicly display homosexuality so you

0:03:05.319,0:03:09.579
can’t engage in any gay behavior in

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public like holding hands kissing or

0:03:09.579,0:03:16.329
dancing with someone of the same sex

0:03:11.109,0:03:16.870
it’s still illegal and because yeah no

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you’re good

0:03:16.870,0:03:21.669
do you know what the penalty is like do

0:03:19.299,0:03:26.019
you just have to pay a fine like or do

0:03:21.669,0:03:28.569
you have to go to jail yeah I think it’s

0:03:26.019,0:03:31.239
you can get arrested and then you would

0:03:28.569,0:03:33.480
maybe be tried I’m sure there was a fine

0:03:31.239,0:03:38.199
for it as well

0:03:33.480,0:03:40.030
record and then that yeah and it’s your

0:03:38.199,0:03:42.519
daily life to it that’s on your record

0:03:40.030,0:03:44.560
right probably like I’m thinking like

0:03:42.519,0:03:48.069
speeding tickets just because I just got

0:03:44.560,0:03:50.049
one Oh like and you know how you like

0:03:48.069,0:03:52.449
you can you go to court and then you get

0:03:50.049,0:03:54.909
tried and you will pay a fine or if you

0:03:52.449,0:03:56.769
don’t pay that fine than you can like

0:03:54.909,0:03:59.139
get a larger fine or something like that

0:03:56.769,0:04:01.000
I’m hoping it’s something like that and

0:03:59.139,0:04:06.340
not that you actually like are placed in

0:04:01.000,0:04:09.159
jail for like years yeah okay mmhmm yeah

0:04:06.340,0:04:11.530
um yeah it’s my speeding ticket sir

0:04:09.159,0:04:15.250
reminding me still I gotta pay that one

0:04:11.530,0:04:16.840
um because of this because they can’t

0:04:15.250,0:04:19.539
display you know their love for each

0:04:16.840,0:04:23.169
other a lot of people in the lgbtq+

0:04:19.539,0:04:25.300
community in to flock to gay bars and

0:04:23.169,0:04:27.070
clubs which are places of refuge where

0:04:25.300,0:04:29.320
they can express themselves open

0:04:27.070,0:04:32.920
and socialize without worry you’re

0:04:29.320,0:04:34.990
probably wondering as I did Oh like well

0:04:32.920,0:04:38.260
if it’s illegal then how are there gay

0:04:34.990,0:04:40.090
bars so do you have a guess as to why

0:04:38.260,0:04:41.280
they’re still gay bars if it’s illegal

0:04:40.090,0:04:51.220
in the States

0:04:41.280,0:04:53.350
okay so I actually hadn’t have heard

0:04:51.220,0:04:56.290
that I would have said like oh like it

0:04:53.350,0:04:58.570
was just like a front like technically

0:04:56.290,0:05:00.430
the owners would say it’s just a regular

0:04:58.570,0:05:03.940
straight bar but it’s like kind of

0:05:00.430,0:05:07.630
secretly on the on the down-low kind of

0:05:03.940,0:05:09.610
mmhmm yeah that’s that’s right

0:05:07.630,0:05:11.620
that’s right you also know that it’s run

0:05:09.610,0:05:13.600
by the Mafia which we have another

0:05:11.620,0:05:15.760
episode about which you guys should

0:05:13.600,0:05:17.500
check out it’s called how much money did

0:05:15.760,0:05:18.190
the Mafia make so you can listen to that

0:05:17.500,0:05:21.310
after this

0:05:18.190,0:05:23.440
but yeah the Mafia had so much money in

0:05:21.310,0:05:25.030
power in the United States that they

0:05:23.440,0:05:26.890
would just pay off the police or

0:05:25.030,0:05:29.830
politicians to look the other way and

0:05:26.890,0:05:32.140
not raid the bars so that would create a

0:05:29.830,0:05:35.320
safe space for LGBT and I know that’s

0:05:32.140,0:05:38.170
like oh the Mafia so nice so open know

0:05:35.320,0:05:41.670
like it’s very much about money for the

0:05:38.170,0:05:45.430
Mafia they would still like overcharge

0:05:41.670,0:05:48.040
the goers by go right was it like

0:05:45.430,0:05:49.870
attendees yeah yeah they would charge

0:05:48.040,0:05:51.850
them with like watered-down drinks the

0:05:49.870,0:05:54.610
drinks were terrible the conditions of

0:05:51.850,0:05:55.750
the club were unsafe like no fire exit

0:05:54.610,0:05:57.100
because there was bribing the police

0:05:55.750,0:05:59.760
anyway so they just got away with

0:05:57.100,0:06:03.400
cutting costs like everywhere they could

0:05:59.760,0:06:06.700
yeah and they also yeah they also would

0:06:03.400,0:06:08.950
um blackmail the really wealthy patrons

0:06:06.700,0:06:10.480
who like came so if you’re wealthy and

0:06:08.950,0:06:12.280
you’re hiding the fact that you’re gay

0:06:10.480,0:06:14.770
they wouldn’t blackmail you a lot and

0:06:12.280,0:06:19.030
get more money so we stopped them like

0:06:14.770,0:06:22.120
the Mafia okay that was that was

0:06:19.030,0:06:23.770
something that they did so then one of

0:06:22.120,0:06:25.360
the gay bars and we’re in New York City

0:06:23.770,0:06:27.520
by the way this is all taking place in

0:06:25.360,0:06:28.780
New York well I’ll be illegal stuff is

0:06:27.520,0:06:31.960
like everywhere in the states but for

0:06:28.780,0:06:34.630
this specifically there’s a particular

0:06:31.960,0:06:36.030
gay bar called the Stonewall Inn so this

0:06:34.630,0:06:39.550
is located in the Greenwich Village

0:06:36.030,0:06:40.400
neighborhood of New York City and it was

0:06:39.550,0:06:47.150
run by

0:06:40.400,0:06:50.570
the Genovese family of the Mafia yeah

0:06:47.150,0:06:54.350
and either way even though they’re

0:06:50.570,0:06:56.180
ripping off a lot of people it was still

0:06:54.350,0:06:58.160
relatively cheap to enter and it

0:06:56.180,0:06:59.479
welcomed drag queens and it was a

0:06:58.160,0:07:03.110
nightly home for many Runaways and

0:06:59.479,0:07:04.910
homeless gay youths so it was also one

0:07:03.110,0:07:07.240
of the Stonewall in was also one of the

0:07:04.910,0:07:12.919
only gay bars left that allowed dancing

0:07:07.240,0:07:19.130
so oh but it some gay bars even within

0:07:12.919,0:07:22.539
those areas like the owners perhaps yeah

0:07:19.130,0:07:25.130
this is just like my notes from it but

0:07:22.539,0:07:30.169
yeah I don’t know I don’t know but I’m

0:07:25.130,0:07:35.600
sure like take it for granted being able

0:07:30.169,0:07:38.090
today definitely so then one of the

0:07:35.600,0:07:41.539
early morning morning’s on June 28th

0:07:38.090,0:07:44.990
1969 though apparently the Mafia didn’t

0:07:41.539,0:07:46.610
pay off the police in time or something

0:07:44.990,0:07:49.250
this is what’s rumored to have happened

0:07:46.610,0:07:51.020
even though there’s also articles that

0:07:49.250,0:07:52.760
I’ve read that say that even if you do

0:07:51.020,0:07:55.700
pay off the police sometimes they still

0:07:52.760,0:07:58.280
will raid the bars anyways so regardless

0:07:55.700,0:08:01.780
during this morning the police came in

0:07:58.280,0:08:04.760
with a warrant and raided the bar and

0:08:01.780,0:08:07.340
they started to rough up the patrons

0:08:04.760,0:08:10.520
which is a lot of articles that say they

0:08:07.340,0:08:12.650
the police roughed up patrons but and

0:08:10.520,0:08:14.270
that makes it sound lighter than what it

0:08:12.650,0:08:16.250
actually was they were like physically

0:08:14.270,0:08:17.810
beating them up like physically hitting

0:08:16.250,0:08:20.270
them with batons that’s what rough up

0:08:17.810,0:08:21.889
means which was like it’s weird that

0:08:20.270,0:08:23.960
they like always try to put like a nicer

0:08:21.889,0:08:25.639
phrase to describe it I know they were

0:08:23.960,0:08:28.130
aggressively like pushing them around

0:08:25.639,0:08:30.349
they’re really heating them up hitting

0:08:28.130,0:08:32.390
them with batons just arresting them

0:08:30.349,0:08:34.849
slumping them up against walls and

0:08:32.390,0:08:36.680
inspecting their gender and there was

0:08:34.849,0:08:38.510
something called a 3-piece clothing rule

0:08:36.680,0:08:40.940
which is what they would arrest people

0:08:38.510,0:08:43.400
based on so the three-piece clothing

0:08:40.940,0:08:45.050
rule wasn’t actually a law we’re gonna

0:08:43.400,0:08:47.060
go into that too it’s just kind of like

0:08:45.050,0:08:48.860
a rule of thumb but it was that you

0:08:47.060,0:08:51.079
needed to wear three pieces of clothing

0:08:48.860,0:08:52.880
deemed by them as appropriate to your

0:08:51.079,0:08:57.230
gender and if you weren’t

0:08:52.880,0:08:58.820
you would then be arrested so yeah and

0:08:57.230,0:09:01.640
the reason why this isn’t actually a law

0:08:58.820,0:09:03.500
is because the actual state law of the

0:09:01.640,0:09:06.110
three-piece clothing law was intended to

0:09:03.500,0:09:08.060
punish rural farmers who had taken a

0:09:06.110,0:09:11.180
dressing like Native Americans to fight

0:09:08.060,0:09:15.500
off tax collectors Wow

0:09:11.180,0:09:17.120
yes that’s insane yeah it’s wild so a

0:09:15.500,0:09:18.500
lot of rural farmers used to pretend to

0:09:17.120,0:09:21.620
be Native Americans so they wouldn’t

0:09:18.500,0:09:23.150
have to pay certain taxes and so that

0:09:21.620,0:09:25.160
law was created like the 3-piece

0:09:23.150,0:09:27.560
clothing law but a lot of the times

0:09:25.160,0:09:29.750
police and law enforcement would take

0:09:27.560,0:09:32.090
that law and twist it in a way that

0:09:29.750,0:09:34.220
would help them make their arrest so

0:09:32.090,0:09:36.800
they applied it to this situation they

0:09:34.220,0:09:40.760
also applied it to one of the protests

0:09:36.800,0:09:43.450
when in like 2011 or 2008 when we had

0:09:40.760,0:09:45.860
the recession like the recent recession

0:09:43.450,0:09:47.570
there I think there was a protest where

0:09:45.860,0:09:49.250
people went to Wall Street and were

0:09:47.570,0:09:52.130
protesting like the bad mortgages and

0:09:49.250,0:09:53.510
they would wear masks maybe like to hide

0:09:52.130,0:09:55.160
their identity and then they would get

0:09:53.510,0:09:57.110
arrested on the three-piece clothing law

0:09:55.160,0:09:58.040
just not a real law and not really

0:09:57.110,0:10:00.020
intended for that

0:09:58.040,0:10:02.030
Wow so it’s still like even though it’s

0:10:00.020,0:10:07.040
not even a real lot so kind of exists

0:10:02.030,0:10:11.240
today mm-hmm yeah that was what they’re

0:10:07.040,0:10:13.850
getting arrested for and eventually okay

0:10:11.240,0:10:15.500
so the biggest part of stonewalled is

0:10:13.850,0:10:18.710
how did the riots start right like it’s

0:10:15.500,0:10:20.450
just a police raid and a raids happen

0:10:18.710,0:10:24.290
all the time people are getting arrested

0:10:20.450,0:10:27.800
so why in particular did this time turn

0:10:24.290,0:10:30.910
into a big riot which sparked the start

0:10:27.800,0:10:33.590
of the civil the gay rights movement and

0:10:30.910,0:10:36.410
that big question from that night is who

0:10:33.590,0:10:38.270
threw the first brick because the brick

0:10:36.410,0:10:40.160
is symbolizing some apparently someone

0:10:38.270,0:10:42.020
threw a brick and that’s when everything

0:10:40.160,0:10:45.230
got violent and people started to rise

0:10:42.020,0:10:47.060
up so that’s still actually debated as

0:10:45.230,0:10:49.490
to how that got started and escalated

0:10:47.060,0:10:52.460
and it’s not confirmed whether a brick

0:10:49.490,0:10:55.130
was actually thrown or who actually

0:10:52.460,0:10:58.490
threw it so that’s still no one really

0:10:55.130,0:11:00.440
knows but a lot of people did throw

0:10:58.490,0:11:01.820
stones that’s confirmed like there’s a

0:11:00.440,0:11:04.160
lot of accounts of people there who were

0:11:01.820,0:11:05.430
like yeah we threw stones there were

0:11:04.160,0:11:07.260
bricks nearby

0:11:05.430,0:11:10.740
know if anyone threw a brick I don’t

0:11:07.260,0:11:12.540
remember what the phrase is so who threw

0:11:10.740,0:11:14.490
the first brick and there are three

0:11:12.540,0:11:16.649
important women who are debated to have

0:11:14.490,0:11:18.480
started the excavation but none of them

0:11:16.649,0:11:21.600
have been confirmed and we’re going to

0:11:18.480,0:11:24.839
talk about them right now the first of

0:11:21.600,0:11:26.310
which is Marsha P Johnson which we’ve

0:11:24.839,0:11:28.320
been hearing a lot about recently in the

0:11:26.310,0:11:29.910
news for all of her service to both the

0:11:28.320,0:11:35.010
black community and the gay community

0:11:29.910,0:11:36.300
and Marsha P Johnson was an American gay

0:11:35.010,0:11:38.610
liberation activist and a

0:11:36.300,0:11:41.760
self-identified drag queen she was also

0:11:38.610,0:11:44.430
African American Sylvia Rivera was a

0:11:41.760,0:11:45.930
Latina American and she was part of the

0:11:44.430,0:11:48.600
gay liberation and transgender rights

0:11:45.930,0:11:51.570
activism and she also identified as a

0:11:48.600,0:11:53.520
drag queen she claims she threw the

0:11:51.570,0:11:56.940
second shot glass but she didn’t throw

0:11:53.520,0:12:00.149
the first and then the last person that

0:11:56.940,0:12:03.630
uh is debated to have thrown the first

0:12:00.149,0:12:05.279
brick is storming dallara VA and she was

0:12:03.630,0:12:07.950
a gay rights activist who was described

0:12:05.279,0:12:10.529
as a butch lesbian and was working as a

0:12:07.950,0:12:12.810
bouncer at the bar that night and the

0:12:10.529,0:12:15.089
reason I actually feel like stormy could

0:12:12.810,0:12:17.370
have been the one who started it even

0:12:15.089,0:12:21.320
though I think she claimed that she was

0:12:17.370,0:12:24.900
in or maybe pushed off that all the like

0:12:21.320,0:12:26.580
praise for her was there actually four

0:12:24.900,0:12:28.290
accounts and several Testaments from

0:12:26.580,0:12:29.910
people who were there that night of a

0:12:28.290,0:12:31.830
butch woman who was getting roughed up

0:12:29.910,0:12:33.870
by the police and started to really

0:12:31.830,0:12:36.240
fight back so she was getting beat up

0:12:33.870,0:12:38.010
and everything and then she screamed out

0:12:36.240,0:12:39.300
to the crowd what are you doing are you

0:12:38.010,0:12:43.470
just standing there why don’t you do

0:12:39.300,0:12:45.570
something and there isn’t really any

0:12:43.470,0:12:47.700
conclusive proof that it was her but

0:12:45.570,0:12:51.029
sometimes she claims that sometimes she

0:12:47.700,0:12:52.920
denies it and it’s attributed to like

0:12:51.029,0:12:55.620
many many accounts attributed to this

0:12:52.920,0:12:57.930
lady who really kind of got by standards

0:12:55.620,0:12:59.190
and people of the bar who had been

0:12:57.930,0:13:01.980
started to get arrested

0:12:59.190,0:13:06.060
really angry and starting to fight back

0:13:01.980,0:13:07.829
so either way since we don’t know out of

0:13:06.060,0:13:09.510
the three or even maybe there’s someone

0:13:07.829,0:13:11.520
else who’s not even in these three who

0:13:09.510,0:13:13.200
threw the first brick we still celebrate

0:13:11.520,0:13:15.209
them as important figures in the gay

0:13:13.200,0:13:16.140
rights movement and it doesn’t really

0:13:15.209,0:13:18.270
matter who

0:13:16.140,0:13:19.740
first brick or stone it just matters

0:13:18.270,0:13:23.270
more that someone stood up and fought

0:13:19.740,0:13:26.220
back yeah I know and after you know

0:13:23.270,0:13:28.320
exactly it just takes i think the good

0:13:26.220,0:13:30.540
lesson is like you it just takes one

0:13:28.320,0:13:32.190
person to stand up and i think the first

0:13:30.540,0:13:33.810
two people are the most important

0:13:32.190,0:13:35.430
because the first person does it and

0:13:33.810,0:13:38.160
then when someone else follows that like

0:13:35.430,0:13:41.220
it just creates a ripple effect of yeah

0:13:38.160,0:13:43.590
i’m wanting to participate and it’s

0:13:41.220,0:13:46.020
funny because who threw the first brick

0:13:43.590,0:13:49.290
has become a bit of a meme to celebrate

0:13:46.020,0:13:51.570
a gay icons so i don’t know if you have

0:13:49.290,0:13:56.190
been keeping up with some of the more

0:13:51.570,0:13:58.170
like pop culture news but apparently JK

0:13:56.190,0:14:00.930
Rowling tweeted something that was

0:13:58.170,0:14:02.550
deemed like anti trans and Daniel

0:14:00.930,0:14:05.310
Radcliffe recently spoke up about

0:14:02.550,0:14:07.710
transgender rights in response to it so

0:14:05.310,0:14:10.970
people couldn’t say Daniel Radcliffe

0:14:07.710,0:14:13.260
threw the first brick at Stonewall

0:14:10.970,0:14:15.600
unfortunately he did not actually do

0:14:13.260,0:14:17.940
that but it’s a way to kind of say that

0:14:15.600,0:14:22.560
this person is standing up for LGBTQ up

0:14:17.940,0:14:26.640
against I against discrimination exactly

0:14:22.560,0:14:28.550
after the first brick is thrown then and

0:14:26.640,0:14:31.590
the officers are roughing up this

0:14:28.550,0:14:33.450
lesbian that everyone’s claimed that

0:14:31.590,0:14:35.640
seening and she shouts onto the

0:14:33.450,0:14:37.170
onlookers they start to act and they

0:14:35.640,0:14:38.970
start to throw pennies bottles

0:14:37.170,0:14:41.940
cobblestone and other objects at the

0:14:38.970,0:14:43.680
police so they were starting to get so

0:14:41.940,0:14:45.690
fed up with the constant police

0:14:43.680,0:14:47.760
harassment and social discrimination and

0:14:45.690,0:14:50.940
abuse that they start to fight back they

0:14:47.760,0:14:53.010
start slashing tires and a mob starts to

0:14:50.940,0:14:54.720
grow and it’s not just again the patrons

0:14:53.010,0:14:56.340
it’s other people passing by who are

0:14:54.720,0:15:00.930
really upset with the handling of this

0:14:56.340,0:15:03.810
situation and it gets so violent where

0:15:00.930,0:15:06.870
they’re using parking meters to like

0:15:03.810,0:15:08.850
bang on the doors and they’re making

0:15:06.870,0:15:11.100
like impromptu fire bombs and throwing

0:15:08.850,0:15:13.410
them around the Newark Police Department

0:15:11.100,0:15:15.630
officers actually retreat into the

0:15:13.410,0:15:17.880
Stonewall to barricade themselves so now

0:15:15.630,0:15:19.410
it’s just the police are inside and

0:15:17.880,0:15:23.460
everyone else outside so this is why

0:15:19.410,0:15:25.010
they start trying to light the Stonewall

0:15:23.460,0:15:27.750
Inn on fire I don’t know if it actually

0:15:25.010,0:15:30.770
got lit on fire but they were throwing

0:15:27.750,0:15:33.960
like matches and fireball

0:15:30.770,0:15:37.710
and then and they’re trying to breach

0:15:33.960,0:15:43.260
the doors to to get to the officers

0:15:37.710,0:15:45.180
so eventually though the fire department

0:15:43.260,0:15:47.670
comes and the police get out and then

0:15:45.180,0:15:48.780
they form and this was like several

0:15:47.670,0:15:50.820
accounts from people who are actually

0:15:48.780,0:15:52.980
there said that they actually formed

0:15:50.820,0:15:55.740
Rockette style kick lines against the

0:15:52.980,0:15:58.260
police and started singing which sounds

0:15:55.740,0:16:00.060
like it’s yeah it sounds like it’s a

0:15:58.260,0:16:03.920
movie but they really just like formed

0:16:00.060,0:16:12.930
many kick lines and then just like did

0:16:03.920,0:16:14.670
so much the technology existed so yeah

0:16:12.930,0:16:18.150
they did it so there’s actually a

0:16:14.670,0:16:19.470
Stonewall movie that came out I feel

0:16:18.150,0:16:21.000
like everything we talk about there’s

0:16:19.470,0:16:24.050
always a movie that has been released

0:16:21.000,0:16:28.050
but they try they did like a scene um

0:16:24.050,0:16:31.020
representing this as well around 4:00

0:16:28.050,0:16:34.380
a.m. that night or that day I guess um

0:16:31.020,0:16:36.600
they were continuing to riot but then it

0:16:34.380,0:16:38.490
got dispersed at 4:00 a.m. and they

0:16:36.600,0:16:40.740
riots continued and the protest

0:16:38.490,0:16:43.050
continued for several days after and so

0:16:40.740,0:16:47.790
all of those riots each night ended up

0:16:43.050,0:16:51.180
lasting till July 3rd ah mono still in

0:16:47.790,0:16:56.970
1969 and after those current kind of

0:16:51.180,0:16:59.310
settled down it started the well these

0:16:56.970,0:17:01.470
protests are credited for the force that

0:16:59.310,0:17:03.540
formed the Gay Liberation Front which

0:17:01.470,0:17:05.970
was an organization and a collection of

0:17:03.540,0:17:08.689
gay lesbian and bisexual civil rights

0:17:05.970,0:17:11.100
organizations that were fighting for

0:17:08.689,0:17:14.160
LGBTQ rights so that formed immediately

0:17:11.100,0:17:15.930
after the Stonewall riots and then the

0:17:14.160,0:17:19.290
next year on the anniversary of

0:17:15.930,0:17:21.569
Stonewall on June 28th 1970 the gay

0:17:19.290,0:17:24.060
liberation movement organized a march in

0:17:21.569,0:17:26.490
memory of the protests and that has been

0:17:24.060,0:17:27.900
held every single year since then and

0:17:26.490,0:17:32.040
that’s what we know today is pride

0:17:27.900,0:17:35.160
parades oh yeah and this is the 50th

0:17:32.040,0:17:37.920
year anniversary so really exciting

0:17:35.160,0:17:41.310
times and the official chant of the

0:17:37.920,0:17:43.440
parade was say it loud gay is proud this

0:17:41.310,0:17:45.480
is really cute because

0:17:43.440,0:17:48.409
I think when they’re coming up with the

0:17:45.480,0:17:51.029
phrase they said something like

0:17:48.409,0:17:53.340
something about gay people didn’t have

0:17:51.029,0:17:55.350
rights but they something they could

0:17:53.340,0:17:57.389
have was like pride they could be proud

0:17:55.350,0:17:59.519
of who they were so say allowing gays

0:17:57.389,0:18:02.429
crowd was there like you’re forced to

0:17:59.519,0:18:05.250
hide your identity and hide your

0:18:02.429,0:18:07.470
sexuality and you can’t be like you’re

0:18:05.250,0:18:10.860
in danger you know if you share that

0:18:07.470,0:18:14.879
with the public yeah that’s how is

0:18:10.860,0:18:17.009
everyone you privately right and that

0:18:14.879,0:18:19.250
was I guess like most a lot of the abuse

0:18:17.009,0:18:21.720
was really just like shame like

0:18:19.250,0:18:23.879
consistent shame from family from

0:18:21.720,0:18:25.230
friends from society just telling you

0:18:23.879,0:18:27.720
that like something was wrong with you

0:18:25.230,0:18:29.429
because of who you were and how you felt

0:18:27.720,0:18:31.860
like your feelings were wrong and you

0:18:29.429,0:18:36.570
just had problems so they’re reclaiming

0:18:31.860,0:18:39.029
their pride yeah and Jun was later

0:18:36.570,0:18:40.799
designated as LGBT Pride Month to

0:18:39.029,0:18:44.039
commemorate the uprising it was

0:18:40.799,0:18:46.169
acknowledged by Bill Clinton and the

0:18:44.039,0:18:48.960
Obama administration that June was prime

0:18:46.169,0:18:50.730
month and later on in the during the

0:18:48.960,0:18:52.470
Obama administration the Stonewall Inn

0:18:50.730,0:18:55.259
was declared a national monument and

0:18:52.470,0:18:57.240
then 2019 the New York Police Department

0:18:55.259,0:18:59.940
issued an apology for the police’s

0:18:57.240,0:19:01.529
treatment of the LGBTQ community and the

0:18:59.940,0:19:03.269
years of enforcement of discriminatory

0:19:01.529,0:19:06.600
laws on them

0:19:03.269,0:19:08.460
so overall the Stonewall riots were a

0:19:06.600,0:19:10.620
catalyst for the gay rights movement and

0:19:08.460,0:19:17.519
not just in the USA but around the

0:19:10.620,0:19:20.279
entire world oh happy Pride happy Pride

0:19:17.519,0:19:22.649
Month I know it’s sad because we can’t

0:19:20.279,0:19:24.330
really have pride parades this year but

0:19:22.649,0:19:27.720
I’ve seen a lot of people are doing like

0:19:24.330,0:19:29.450
virtual like five caves and or an honor

0:19:27.720,0:19:33.240
of Pride Month and my online

0:19:29.450,0:19:37.590
celebrations and fundraisers you can

0:19:33.240,0:19:40.220
still celebrate oh yeah oh oh my gosh

0:19:37.590,0:19:42.330
yeah thank you so much for sharing that

0:19:40.220,0:19:44.840
of course

0:19:42.330,0:19:49.610
toasting and yeah thanks everyone for

0:19:44.840,0:19:52.409
listening don’t forget to yeah like

0:19:49.610,0:19:56.129
don’t forget to share this with your

0:19:52.409,0:19:57.130
friends and leave us a review and check

0:19:56.129,0:20:00.960
out all those other

0:19:57.130,0:20:00.960
you mentioned yes

0:20:01.540,0:20:10.490
[Music]