Who is Jim Crow? | The Harlem Renaissance

Minisode #12: Monetarist Economics How Did We Not Know That

Everybody has an opinion! In another episode of the Econ With Jac series, Jac covers Monetarist Economics: a direct criticism of Keynesian Economics. Tweet us @HDWNKT with your thoughts on an Econ With Jac mini-series! Check out FSO Compass here: https://fsocompass.com/hdwnkt Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat — Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/hdwnkt/support
  1. Minisode #12: Monetarist Economics
  2. Why Are Israel And Palestine Fighting?
  3. Minisode #11: Realism
  4. Who Shot Bob Marley?
  5. Minisode #10: Keynesian Economics

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Show Notes

In order to respect the emergence of new black artists who redefined what it meant to be black in America, we need to examine what the narrative was of African Americans before the Harlem Renaissance. In this episode Jac talks about the heavy propaganda that was used to create false narratives of African Americans and how that lead to the rise of white supremacy groups and bias in American society. After gaining an understanding of what the narrative was like before the Harlem Renaissance, Jac dives into the background of great artists from this time. We celebrate the remarkable achievements in art and activism, and explore a variety of themes present in this era.

Sources:

https://www.history.com/topics/roaring-twenties/harlem-renaissance

https://www.history.com/topics/roaring-twenties/harlem-renaissance

https://www.poetryfoundation.org/articles/69395/the-negro-artist-and-the-racial-mountain

https://www.americanheritage.com/blackface-sad-history-minstrel-shows

https://www.history.com/news/was-jim-crow-a-real-person

https://www.history.com/news/kkk-birth-of-a-nation-film

https://www.wlu.edu/alumni/lifelong-learning/campus-programs/the-literature-music-and-art-of-the-harlem-renaissance/

https://www.dclibrary.org/node/1043

https://www.biography.com/activist/web-du-bois
Link to Harlem Renaissance Documentary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SvqVnSaRePY

Transcript

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hello everybody and welcome back to

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another episode of how did we not know

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that

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i’m nat i’m jack and today

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jack is going to be talking about the

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harlem renaissance

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all right hey okay so before we get

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started i do have a few things to say

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so first to our new listeners please

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know that

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review if you can we love hearing from

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you

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okay so as an asset i am going to talk

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about

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the harlem renaissance which happened

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around 1918 1920 to the 1930s

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so to talk about the harlem renaissance

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we actually have to go back and talk

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about the great migration

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because the great migration was this

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huge movement in the united states of

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african americans

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from the south to the north and that was

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from 1910 to 1920

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there are a few different reasons for

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that

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and the first of which was world war one

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actually occurs uh from 1914 to 1918

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and then the us actually got involved in

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the war around 1917

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but when the war was happening

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immigration was falling during this time

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so there are less workers around in the

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north and so companies in the north were

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trying to recruit black workers in the

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south to fill the open roles also in

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1915 and 1916 there were natural

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disasters in the south that put many

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black workers and sharecroppers out of

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work

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but the most important um reason

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a lot of african-americans were leaving

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the south was because the south

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for our viewers outside of the united

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states who weren’t familiar was the

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location of the confederacy

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and the confederacy was the side of

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america

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well i guess they committed treason but

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they were fighting to keep

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slavery legal in the united states so

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they seceded which means they separated

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from the union

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and the union is the united states today

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and they

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attacked and then yeah it’s

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the confederacy is still widely debated

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as to what they were fighting for today

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but uh

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slavery is a part of it whether you want

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to acknowledge that or not so

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yeah yeah so because

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the they were fighting for slavery there

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were

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extremely vicious racists white

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supremacists

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and constant lynchings very concentrated

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in the south

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and the images from this time are

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literally horrific this isn’t even like

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in slavery this is like

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slavery is over um as we talked about in

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our juneteenth episode you know it ended

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in 1865.

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um but slavery is over and they’re still

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like ridiculously

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vicious racist in the south and the

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images

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are literally like stuff that keeps you

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up at night it’s just like huge groups

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of 50 plus

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standing over mangled black bodies after

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lynchings or massacres

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it’s like small children like smiling

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and it’s like

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yeah yeah it’s like these family events

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and picnics

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anyways horrible conditions i cannot

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even begin to imagine the amount of fear

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that these people were having to go

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through

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and like also sorry i don’t know if

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you’re going to mention this but like a

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lot of people

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kind of blame the south and i was like

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oh well all the lynchings occurred in

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the south like no

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like they occurred in the north as well

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like

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up until it wasn’t that long ago it’s

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like to like the 60s

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70s like i could be wrong but it could

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be even more recent than that

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but no you’re right where so we can’t

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just like blame it on one certain area

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and be like oh the rest of us are okay

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like it happened ever and you’re right

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like it would it’s a fam it would be a

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family event

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and people would take like postcards i

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also don’t know if you’re gonna go into

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that but like

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yeah people would take pictures and send

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it to

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families members and friends and it’s

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just like

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it’s disgusting i can’t even also in

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addition to that black people were

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unable to make a living for themselves

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in the south there was the emergence of

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black

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codes which were restrictive laws

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designed to limit the freedom of african

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americans and ensure their availability

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as

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cheap labor after the end of slavery so

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it was a legal way to continue their

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abuse these labor contracts were very

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predatory

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they were low paid they didn’t really

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have a lot of rights in negotiation

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also black codes limited their right to

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vote and denied them the right to

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testify against whites they were also

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not allowed to serve on juries

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which is a huge deal to not have

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government

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representation not even being able to

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have your own rights as an american

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citizen

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go off the whole jury duty thing like of

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course like that’s your right as an

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american citizen too but if you’re

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thinking about like if you’re

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uh a black american and you’re being

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tried at court and it’s

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only light jury like i wonder like how

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can that not be biased you know

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and how can that not affect your

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sentencing so

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like beyond that okay like it’s your

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right like it’s gonna affect

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the um i guess rulings of the court and

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yeah right and how is that diversity of

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thought

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it’s like the same groups of people from

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similar background

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anyways and yes nat you did good i have

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it in here spoiler alert

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racism was hardly any better in the

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north i

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cannot imagine like that completely

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did a great job yeah lynchings were not

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any better in the north discrimination

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was not

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better in the north so by 1920 about 300

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000 african americans from the south

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moved north

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one of the most popular destinations to

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move to was a place called

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harlem

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so harlem was a neighborhood in new york

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city it was originally built for upper

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class white people

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but due to rapid over development the

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landlords were really desperate to get

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tenants

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in the area then we start to see middle

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class black families migrate into

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it which causes white people to flee

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they did try to

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prevent more black people from moving

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and ball ultimately failed

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it is regarded as a black cultural mecca

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and is credited

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rightly so as the birthplace of the

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harlem renaissance

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so to refresh your memory renaissance is

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a french word that means rebirth

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so the harlem renaissance was really the

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rebirth or redefinement of the black

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narrative

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in the united states and in order to do

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this episode justice

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to talk about the redefinition of the

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black narrative we need to talk about

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what the black narrative was before in

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the united states

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you have to learn specifically how white

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americans were portraying

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and perceiving black people to the

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public and i say white and i’m going to

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continue to

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use this term because the narrative of

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black people from the start of their

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enslavement in the united states and up

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until this time

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was defined propagated and distributed

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to the public by white americans

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this i can’t believe i have to say this

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disclaimer but when we

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when i say white americans i’m in no way

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trying to make any listeners who are

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white feel attacked for being white

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we are not responsible for what our

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ancestors have done

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nat and i are both halfway yeah but you

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have to acknowledge

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the sides of the situation and what was

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actually happening you cannot ignore

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color in this historical event

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sorry so that’s a great way to

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phrase it yeah so this is really

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important to acknowledge a note because

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it’s going to illustrate too

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as you’re going to see later how so many

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white supremacy groups

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were able to thrive exist and grow

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during this time frame

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because they were using these portrayals

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to basically brainwash the majority of

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other white americans

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and justify to themselves the

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dehumanization and mistreatment of

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african americans

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nat and i could literally do a whole

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like series talking about the plethora

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of racist propaganda

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throughout our founding that is

0:08:28.560,0:08:32.080
conveniently rushed over in school

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because there’s a lot if you start to

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dig

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but instead we’re going to focus on two

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of the largest ones for right now and

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the first of which is jim crow

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and i’m going to ask nat what do you

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know about jim crow

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jim crow like when i think of jim crow

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law i think about

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uh laws that enforce segregation

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um and just like overall discrimination

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and like

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just like uh i guess like it’s

0:08:57.920,0:09:02.800
separating

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black americans and then white americans

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like

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in our laws and in our legislative

0:09:06.640,0:09:10.720
system

0:09:07.120,0:09:11.519
that’s it okay yeah so jim crow laws and

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jim crow

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are related but jim crow is actually a

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character

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so he’s a fictional character that was

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created by

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yeah do you want to add yeah well yeah

0:09:22.240,0:09:26.399
well yeah so he’s like not a jim crow

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like the person jim crow is not

0:09:26.399,0:09:29.839
a real person but it’s like this

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stereotypical

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like really racist like cartoon that

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white people

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like drew and like created to depict

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african americans and then am i

0:09:40.640,0:09:43.760
right yeah yeah no you’re right you’re

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right it’s we’ll go into the history

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some more

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so jim crow fictional character and it

0:09:46.640,0:09:52.000
was created by a white

0:09:48.160,0:09:53.519
actor for minstrel shows in 1828 so this

0:09:52.000,0:09:56.640
is like slavery is still

0:09:53.519,0:09:58.560
legal during this time and minstrel show

0:09:56.640,0:10:00.320
was a form of entertainment that was run

0:09:58.560,0:10:02.000
by white people where they depicted

0:10:00.320,0:10:04.320
people of african descent

0:10:02.000,0:10:06.160
while wearing what is known as blackface

0:10:04.320,0:10:08.720
so for people who aren’t familiar

0:10:06.160,0:10:10.079
blackface is the practice of covering

0:10:08.720,0:10:12.399
your face and skin

0:10:10.079,0:10:14.000
in black substances to make yourself

0:10:12.399,0:10:15.760
appear black

0:10:14.000,0:10:17.680
so these shows and practices of

0:10:15.760,0:10:19.680
blackface would portray black people in

0:10:17.680,0:10:22.240
a degrading light as dimwitted

0:10:19.680,0:10:24.480
evil and then they would proceed to

0:10:22.240,0:10:26.399
profit off of the dehumanization and

0:10:24.480,0:10:29.600
degradation of these people

0:10:26.399,0:10:32.000
so jim crow was a character of a clumsy

0:10:29.600,0:10:34.160
dim-witted black slave and he served as

0:10:32.000,0:10:35.200
inspiration for the development of black

0:10:34.160,0:10:38.399
codes and

0:10:35.200,0:10:40.160
jim crow lies that were named after him

0:10:38.399,0:10:41.760
which were anti-black laws that were

0:10:40.160,0:10:43.519
used to perpetuate racism

0:10:41.760,0:10:45.279
discriminate against and encourage the

0:10:43.519,0:10:47.279
socio-economic oppression of black

0:10:45.279,0:10:48.640
people

0:10:47.279,0:10:50.320
and then the next thing we’re going to

0:10:48.640,0:10:53.519
talk about

0:10:50.320,0:10:56.640
to continue this joyful discussion

0:10:53.519,0:10:59.040
is the birth of a nation film so nat can

0:10:56.640,0:11:02.640
you tell me what you know about it

0:10:59.040,0:11:06.399
oh my goodness okay so birth of a nation

0:11:02.640,0:11:08.480
it was um i guess like propaganda for

0:11:06.399,0:11:12.480
the ku klux klan

0:11:08.480,0:11:15.360
correct and it basically

0:11:12.480,0:11:16.399
uh it was just like really awful and it

0:11:15.360,0:11:20.640
justified

0:11:16.399,0:11:23.279
white supremacy um and basically said

0:11:20.640,0:11:24.160
that non-white people were like the

0:11:23.279,0:11:27.040
reason

0:11:24.160,0:11:28.160
for all the us’s problem is like oh okay

0:11:27.040,0:11:30.800
and also

0:11:28.160,0:11:31.519
like we should just have a white only

0:11:30.800,0:11:33.120
country

0:11:31.519,0:11:34.800
and that’s what we should strive to be

0:11:33.120,0:11:36.720
you did a good job it was

0:11:34.800,0:11:39.680
the birth of a nation was supposed to

0:11:36.720,0:11:42.560
tell the story of the american civil war

0:11:39.680,0:11:43.440
but the reality is it glorified the

0:11:42.560,0:11:47.200
formation

0:11:43.440,0:11:49.200
and existence of the klu klux klan and

0:11:47.200,0:11:50.560
led to its refounding in georgia in

0:11:49.200,0:11:52.399
1915.

0:11:50.560,0:11:54.800
so i don’t know if people knew this but

0:11:52.399,0:11:57.120
the klu klux klan is a white supremacy

0:11:54.800,0:11:58.880
group it has been that way

0:11:57.120,0:12:00.639
since its founding and it was actually

0:11:58.880,0:12:02.320
stamped down by the federal government

0:12:00.639,0:12:04.000
around 1877

0:12:02.320,0:12:05.360
so they already tried to stamp it down

0:12:04.000,0:12:07.360
because of this film

0:12:05.360,0:12:08.959
it led to the reformation of it in

0:12:07.360,0:12:11.120
georgia in 1915

0:12:08.959,0:12:12.240
and that led it to spread throughout the

0:12:11.120,0:12:15.279
south

0:12:12.240,0:12:17.760
wow i had no idea that it

0:12:15.279,0:12:18.560
that the kkk it like died out it died

0:12:17.760,0:12:22.800
down and

0:12:18.560,0:12:25.440
re-emerged right crazy why do you know

0:12:22.800,0:12:26.480
why the federal government was why they

0:12:25.440,0:12:28.399
stamped it down

0:12:26.480,0:12:29.519
yeah because it’s a white supremacy

0:12:28.399,0:12:31.920
group and it’s

0:12:29.519,0:12:33.600
yeah but if yeah i guess that makes

0:12:31.920,0:12:35.279
sense but i don’t know i

0:12:33.600,0:12:36.720
feel like the government hasn’t done a

0:12:35.279,0:12:39.040
lot like

0:12:36.720,0:12:40.399
i’m thinking like late 1800s like they

0:12:39.040,0:12:42.800
weren’t doing a lot

0:12:40.399,0:12:44.240
but this book was saying that you’re

0:12:42.800,0:12:46.800
like you as a country

0:12:44.240,0:12:48.720
is really dependent on the leadership at

0:12:46.800,0:12:52.399
the time right so that’s why

0:12:48.720,0:12:54.240
abraham lincoln is widely praised for

0:12:52.399,0:12:55.360
being one of the greatest presidents of

0:12:54.240,0:12:58.560
all time

0:12:55.360,0:13:00.399
um because at the time you know it’s not

0:12:58.560,0:13:03.440
like everyone was like racism is wrong

0:13:00.399,0:13:04.959
no abraham lincoln was like racism is

0:13:03.440,0:13:07.519
wrong and we’re gonna do whatever it

0:13:04.959,0:13:08.560
takes to like eradicate it from the

0:13:07.519,0:13:10.639
united states

0:13:08.560,0:13:12.399
and because of that leadership this is

0:13:10.639,0:13:16.560
why we went into a war

0:13:12.399,0:13:18.000
if he had not felt this way so strongly

0:13:16.560,0:13:19.920
then like that war would not have

0:13:18.000,0:13:20.720
happened but imagine the streets that we

0:13:19.920,0:13:23.839
have today

0:13:20.720,0:13:25.600
and that that debate times that by like

0:13:23.839,0:13:27.120
10 000. that was like what abraham

0:13:25.600,0:13:28.639
lincoln’s having to go through and the

0:13:27.120,0:13:29.920
reason why we became the country we are

0:13:28.639,0:13:33.040
today is because of

0:13:29.920,0:13:34.240
the leadership that was in that position

0:13:33.040,0:13:36.079
i don’t know where i was going with that

0:13:34.240,0:13:37.600
obviously like

0:13:36.079,0:13:39.279
you’re fine you’re fine we just have to

0:13:37.600,0:13:40.639
bring up abraham lincoln in every

0:13:39.279,0:13:42.480
episode somehow because

0:13:40.639,0:13:46.480
i just love abraham you could fight me

0:13:42.480,0:13:49.519
on that i love abraham lincoln

0:13:46.480,0:13:51.760
the klu klux klan also known as the kkk

0:13:49.519,0:13:52.720
is a terrorist white supremacy group

0:13:51.760,0:13:55.199
formed by

0:13:52.720,0:13:57.199
white protestant nativists and

0:13:55.199,0:13:59.440
confederate veterans

0:13:57.199,0:14:01.040
in 1865 this is when it was formed it

0:13:59.440,0:14:04.079
was anti-black

0:14:01.040,0:14:06.320
it was anti-catholic it was anti-semitic

0:14:04.079,0:14:08.000
it was anti-immigration it was basically

0:14:06.320,0:14:12.079
anti-anyone who was not

0:14:08.000,0:14:12.720
exactly like them so they are most well

0:14:12.079,0:14:15.360
known for

0:14:12.720,0:14:16.000
killing lynching massacring black people

0:14:15.360,0:14:17.680
bombing their

0:14:16.000,0:14:19.760
schools and destroying their homes and

0:14:17.680,0:14:23.920
businesses and this film

0:14:19.760,0:14:26.880
glorified the kkk as saviors for quote

0:14:23.920,0:14:28.720
the helpless white minority unquote that

0:14:26.880,0:14:32.480
was literally in the film

0:14:28.720,0:14:35.839
oh my god are you serious i’m not even i

0:14:32.480,0:14:37.360
was like minority oh i don’t even know

0:14:35.839,0:14:40.959
where it is

0:14:37.360,0:14:43.680
i was like how do i i can’t anyways

0:14:40.959,0:14:45.680
yeah they portrayed black people again

0:14:43.680,0:14:46.160
they were not using black people in the

0:14:45.680,0:14:48.240
film

0:14:46.160,0:14:50.240
mind you they were using white actors in

0:14:48.240,0:14:51.120
blackface and they portrayed them as

0:14:50.240,0:14:54.000
predatory

0:14:51.120,0:14:55.839
scary evil savages that wanted to rape

0:14:54.000,0:14:58.320
and take advantage of white women

0:14:55.839,0:15:00.079
it also really because i did watch this

0:14:58.320,0:15:00.959
film i don’t know how i got through it i

0:15:00.079,0:15:04.000
watched it

0:15:00.959,0:15:06.000
yeah yeah yeah i watched it oh yeah

0:15:04.000,0:15:07.360
i do my research and i was like it

0:15:06.000,0:15:09.440
really portrays the

0:15:07.360,0:15:11.279
slaves as being very happy which is a

0:15:09.440,0:15:13.120
very

0:15:11.279,0:15:14.720
i’m gonna go on a tangent but it’s a

0:15:13.120,0:15:16.639
very common thing

0:15:14.720,0:15:17.920
that people especially in the south

0:15:16.639,0:15:19.760
history textbooks

0:15:17.920,0:15:20.959
uh united daughters of the confederacy

0:15:19.760,0:15:23.519
rewrote southern

0:15:20.959,0:15:25.360
history textbooks and in the state of

0:15:23.519,0:15:26.480
georgia that textbook was used up till

0:15:25.360,0:15:29.199
1970

0:15:26.480,0:15:31.360
and what those textbooks did was play on

0:15:29.199,0:15:31.759
the narrative of a happy slave and that

0:15:31.360,0:15:33.759
is an

0:15:31.759,0:15:35.759
incorrect false narrative that people

0:15:33.759,0:15:37.199
use over and over time and time again to

0:15:35.759,0:15:40.000
justify slavery and

0:15:37.199,0:15:43.759
to lower the severity and horrific

0:15:40.000,0:15:43.759
mistreatment of african-american people

0:15:44.480,0:15:49.839
yeah it’s just it’s important to think

0:15:47.839,0:15:50.880
about who’s writing the narrative it’s

0:15:49.839,0:15:52.720
important to think about who’s writing

0:15:50.880,0:15:54.320
our textbooks like oh my god

0:15:52.720,0:15:55.839
people want to talk about history books

0:15:54.320,0:15:58.320
being biased yes they are

0:15:55.839,0:16:00.160
they are and like that’s why you do

0:15:58.320,0:16:01.120
multiple research and you fact check

0:16:00.160,0:16:03.199
your sources

0:16:01.120,0:16:04.959
and yes our history textbooks in the

0:16:03.199,0:16:06.639
north were biased too

0:16:04.959,0:16:08.240
believe me i don’t think i understood

0:16:06.639,0:16:10.399
like the severity

0:16:08.240,0:16:11.519
of what slavery meant i don’t think i

0:16:10.399,0:16:13.199
understood what

0:16:11.519,0:16:15.199
the civil war meant i don’t think i

0:16:13.199,0:16:17.440
understood what internment camps mean

0:16:15.199,0:16:18.959
really empathize with that fear like

0:16:17.440,0:16:20.959
that fear of not being able to go to

0:16:18.959,0:16:23.040
sleep at night because you don’t know if

0:16:20.959,0:16:24.800
the klu klux klan is gonna come lynch

0:16:23.040,0:16:27.600
your dad lynch you

0:16:24.800,0:16:29.680
like it’s well i mean it’s hard to

0:16:27.600,0:16:30.560
empathize with something that’s just one

0:16:29.680,0:16:33.759
paragraph

0:16:30.560,0:16:37.040
in a giant textbook so

0:16:33.759,0:16:39.199
yeah yeah like it’s it’s it’s not a

0:16:37.040,0:16:41.839
coincidence that like oh you didn’t

0:16:39.199,0:16:45.120
realize the severity of it because

0:16:41.839,0:16:48.800
yeah it gets like two sentences so yeah

0:16:45.120,0:16:50.480
like oh by the way yes

0:16:48.800,0:16:52.639
they’ll they’ll like add a line that

0:16:50.480,0:16:54.320
says like some slave owners were really

0:16:52.639,0:16:57.120
kind to their slaves

0:16:54.320,0:16:59.680
that doesn’t that okay kindness does not

0:16:57.120,0:17:02.720
excuse the fact that it is immoral

0:16:59.680,0:17:05.679
to kidnap people from their homes

0:17:02.720,0:17:06.799
to enslave them to force them into labor

0:17:05.679,0:17:08.640
to rape them

0:17:06.799,0:17:11.520
to murder them to whip that like to

0:17:08.640,0:17:15.760
torture to abuse that is not

0:17:11.520,0:17:18.240
yeah like i don’t i don’t know uh yeah

0:17:15.760,0:17:20.000
so the film was huge propaganda with the

0:17:18.240,0:17:21.839
sole purpose to brainwash

0:17:20.000,0:17:23.360
white americans and create a narrative

0:17:21.839,0:17:25.839
against black people that would further

0:17:23.360,0:17:27.839
justify hate crimes against them

0:17:25.839,0:17:29.280
maybe this was like a cinematic

0:17:27.839,0:17:31.200
accomplishment at the time

0:17:29.280,0:17:32.640
because people widely accepted this as

0:17:31.200,0:17:35.679
historical fact

0:17:32.640,0:17:38.240
there is a scene in there that

0:17:35.679,0:17:39.200
reenacted the assassination of abraham

0:17:38.240,0:17:40.960
lincoln

0:17:39.200,0:17:42.559
which they did my boy dirty i don’t know

0:17:40.960,0:17:46.080
who played abraham lincoln but

0:17:42.559,0:17:47.919
he looked like he was like dying before

0:17:46.080,0:17:50.799
they assassinated him i’m probably gonna

0:17:47.919,0:17:50.799
take this out of the video

0:17:51.679,0:17:54.960
okay but before he was assassinated yeah

0:17:54.320,0:17:57.520
they really

0:17:54.960,0:17:58.000
i was like who played this man anyways

0:17:57.520,0:18:01.360
also

0:17:58.000,0:18:04.880
fun fact not super fun

0:18:01.360,0:18:06.400
but it’s a fact so in the 1920s fresh

0:18:04.880,0:18:07.120
off of the release of the birth of a

0:18:06.400,0:18:10.000
nation

0:18:07.120,0:18:11.840
kkk membership exceeded 4 million

0:18:10.000,0:18:15.360
nationwide

0:18:11.840,0:18:18.400
4 million yeah oh my god

0:18:15.360,0:18:22.480
that’s so much it’s a lot

0:18:18.400,0:18:24.559
it’s a lot a lot of people yeah

0:18:22.480,0:18:25.919
also a lot of fake scientific studies

0:18:24.559,0:18:26.320
were written and published during this

0:18:25.919,0:18:28.720
time

0:18:26.320,0:18:29.520
to all the general public that would

0:18:28.720,0:18:32.559
state

0:18:29.520,0:18:35.760
basically that africans were by nature

0:18:32.559,0:18:37.440
inferior to whites and that they were

0:18:35.760,0:18:39.280
more similar to great apes

0:18:37.440,0:18:40.559
the this is quote unquote intellectual

0:18:39.280,0:18:42.480
white this is the term they used to

0:18:40.559,0:18:44.160
describe themselves and

0:18:42.480,0:18:45.840
classified people of different ethnic

0:18:44.160,0:18:48.320
origin with certain traits

0:18:45.840,0:18:51.039
and it also ranked them by like their

0:18:48.320,0:18:52.960
closeness to intellectual white

0:18:51.039,0:18:54.960
which literally blows my mind because i

0:18:52.960,0:18:57.039
don’t know if this is news to anyone but

0:18:54.960,0:18:59.840
we as humans make borders

0:18:57.039,0:18:59.840
like this is

0:19:00.160,0:19:03.200
this is the first full-length episode

0:19:02.160,0:19:06.559
that

0:19:03.200,0:19:07.520
um at least i’ve posted in two weeks and

0:19:06.559,0:19:09.200
that’s not because i

0:19:07.520,0:19:10.640
was falling behind on research is

0:19:09.200,0:19:12.960
because this research was

0:19:10.640,0:19:15.360
literally so horrific and depressing

0:19:12.960,0:19:18.480
that i was losing a lot of sleep

0:19:15.360,0:19:21.120
and the reason why i’m so upset

0:19:18.480,0:19:22.880
in addition to just the like horrific

0:19:21.120,0:19:24.880
treatment of humans that we have

0:19:22.880,0:19:26.559
done and excused throughout the time is

0:19:24.880,0:19:28.000
also because there’s so much in american

0:19:26.559,0:19:29.520
history that they just don’t tell you

0:19:28.000,0:19:31.200
about in schools

0:19:29.520,0:19:32.720
and they also try to cover it up and

0:19:31.200,0:19:34.880
make lighter than it

0:19:32.720,0:19:36.640
is and that is probably what hurts the

0:19:34.880,0:19:37.039
most and that’s like the premise of nat

0:19:36.640,0:19:39.840
and i

0:19:37.039,0:19:41.520
show is all about popping your own

0:19:39.840,0:19:42.160
bubbles of ignorance and letting

0:19:41.520,0:19:44.320
yourself

0:19:42.160,0:19:46.000
understand what happened and reflect on

0:19:44.320,0:19:49.919
that and make those judgments

0:19:46.000,0:19:51.600
like jack and i are not trying to call

0:19:49.919,0:19:54.080
call out teachers like my mom’s a

0:19:51.600,0:19:56.480
teacher i under like we understand

0:19:54.080,0:19:58.160
how difficult uh teaching is i think

0:19:56.480,0:20:00.720
like the root of the problem

0:19:58.160,0:20:01.760
is the curriculum that teachers are

0:20:00.720,0:20:04.880
being told to teach

0:20:01.760,0:20:07.520
in classrooms and like our textbooks and

0:20:04.880,0:20:08.159
what states are outlining that students

0:20:07.520,0:20:10.400
have to learn

0:20:08.159,0:20:12.159
every year and like yeah you said like

0:20:10.400,0:20:12.480
oh maybe it’s because we’re children but

0:20:12.159,0:20:14.640
like

0:20:12.480,0:20:15.840
i don’t know i’m in high school and i

0:20:14.640,0:20:17.600
feel like

0:20:15.840,0:20:19.840
there’s no excuse like it needs to be

0:20:17.600,0:20:21.840
updated um

0:20:19.840,0:20:23.760
every american should be educated on

0:20:21.840,0:20:25.200
this like i like i don’t know why we

0:20:23.760,0:20:27.919
shouldn’t like

0:20:25.200,0:20:29.120
it’s historical facts like these things

0:20:27.919,0:20:32.640
actually happen

0:20:29.120,0:20:35.919
um and everyone should be aware of them

0:20:32.640,0:20:38.080
yeah we encourage listeners to

0:20:35.919,0:20:39.760
really take the time to dig into the

0:20:38.080,0:20:40.400
research of anything you’re interested

0:20:39.760,0:20:42.480
in

0:20:40.400,0:20:43.600
and especially if you want to dig into

0:20:42.480,0:20:45.360
american history

0:20:43.600,0:20:47.440
i recommend doing it when you’re having

0:20:45.360,0:20:49.840
a good mental health day

0:20:47.440,0:20:50.720
and you’re with a friend even if it’s

0:20:49.840,0:20:52.480
hard it

0:20:50.720,0:20:54.880
deserves your attention it deserves your

0:20:52.480,0:20:56.640
research time uh the images are

0:20:54.880,0:20:58.480
gonna let you know right now the images

0:20:56.640,0:21:01.360
are literally horrific

0:20:58.480,0:21:02.320
yeah just a fair warning it’s it’s gonna

0:21:01.360,0:21:05.760
be hard but

0:21:02.320,0:21:07.520
and like also like shout out to my other

0:21:05.760,0:21:09.679
white americans listening

0:21:07.520,0:21:11.200
like if you guys are like oh i feel so

0:21:09.679,0:21:13.280
uncomfortable when i

0:21:11.200,0:21:14.240
like learn about this i feel so guilty

0:21:13.280,0:21:16.559
i’m like okay

0:21:14.240,0:21:17.280
it doesn’t matter like you have to learn

0:21:16.559,0:21:19.039
about it

0:21:17.280,0:21:20.720
and sit in that discomfort like i’m

0:21:19.039,0:21:22.960
sorry but yeah

0:21:20.720,0:21:24.480
from one of my favorite science podcast

0:21:22.960,0:21:26.400
said something when they were covering a

0:21:24.480,0:21:28.080
happy topic like depression and whether

0:21:26.400,0:21:29.039
or not antidepressants worked and she

0:21:28.080,0:21:31.760
said

0:21:29.039,0:21:33.440
someone was like skewing research on a

0:21:31.760,0:21:35.440
scientific study to

0:21:33.440,0:21:36.480
i guess make the results seem less

0:21:35.440,0:21:38.480
morbid

0:21:36.480,0:21:39.840
and she was like science doesn’t exist

0:21:38.480,0:21:42.000
to make you feel better

0:21:39.840,0:21:43.360
and i i think that can be applied to

0:21:42.000,0:21:44.880
anything science doesn’t exist to make

0:21:43.360,0:21:46.400
you feel better and history doesn’t

0:21:44.880,0:21:48.480
exist to make you feel

0:21:46.400,0:21:49.440
good either you have to look at

0:21:48.480,0:21:51.200
realities

0:21:49.440,0:21:52.480
and then you have to and it always

0:21:51.200,0:21:54.480
question it you know like

0:21:52.480,0:21:55.919
nat and i cross check everything that we

0:21:54.480,0:21:58.559
put out in this episode

0:21:55.919,0:22:00.320
i like and we make mistakes and you can

0:21:58.559,0:22:01.039
find new information and you can change

0:22:00.320,0:22:04.240
your mind

0:22:01.039,0:22:06.720
that’s what learning is all about so

0:22:04.240,0:22:07.520
but you have to you have to like take

0:22:06.720,0:22:11.039
the time

0:22:07.520,0:22:12.159
to learn if we all educate ourselves on

0:22:11.039,0:22:15.440
these ugly truths

0:22:12.159,0:22:18.720
and then we all commit to

0:22:15.440,0:22:20.799
uh improving ourselves as individuals

0:22:18.720,0:22:22.640
and improving ourselves as a nation and

0:22:20.799,0:22:24.559
like making sure

0:22:22.640,0:22:26.080
this awful stuff doesn’t happen again

0:22:24.559,0:22:27.280
and seeing how

0:22:26.080,0:22:29.360
these awful things that happen in the

0:22:27.280,0:22:30.000
past like are affecting everything going

0:22:29.360,0:22:31.760
on today

0:22:30.000,0:22:34.960
and like really evaluating and getting

0:22:31.760,0:22:36.960
into the like ugly parts of american

0:22:34.960,0:22:38.240
society like it’s like how does like

0:22:36.960,0:22:41.919
hundreds of years

0:22:38.240,0:22:43.679
of this rhetoric and legislation being

0:22:41.919,0:22:47.039
passed and like representation

0:22:43.679,0:22:49.840
in media and news like

0:22:47.039,0:22:50.559
for hundreds and hundreds of years is

0:22:49.840,0:22:53.919
affecting

0:22:50.559,0:22:56.559
every american’s bias like like you’re

0:22:53.919,0:22:57.679
oh my god you pass it on you pass your

0:22:56.559,0:22:59.039
biases on

0:22:57.679,0:23:00.720
to your children and then your

0:22:59.039,0:23:03.840
children’s children did

0:23:00.720,0:23:06.000
right also i just want to thank that

0:23:03.840,0:23:06.960
and a lot of my good friends they know

0:23:06.000,0:23:09.039
who they are

0:23:06.960,0:23:11.120
uh you guys have been really lovely

0:23:09.039,0:23:13.200
helping me process all of this and get

0:23:11.120,0:23:16.880
through it so i appreciate you guys

0:23:13.200,0:23:20.559
a lot shout out all right

0:23:16.880,0:23:23.600
so after that heavy

0:23:20.559,0:23:25.520
happy happy heavy last episode

0:23:23.600,0:23:27.440
we are now going to talk about the

0:23:25.520,0:23:29.919
brighter part of the harlem renaissance

0:23:27.440,0:23:31.679
which is how the black narrative changed

0:23:29.919,0:23:33.360
so during the harlem renaissance blacks

0:23:31.679,0:23:34.880
had a newfound freedom to express

0:23:33.360,0:23:36.000
themselves in a way that they didn’t

0:23:34.880,0:23:37.679
have in the south

0:23:36.000,0:23:39.520
and it was a redefinition of black

0:23:37.679,0:23:41.840
expression social leaders of the

0:23:39.520,0:23:44.000
movement believed that art could open up

0:23:41.840,0:23:45.440
the doors to economic opportunity and

0:23:44.000,0:23:47.279
social acceptance

0:23:45.440,0:23:49.120
many of these people had not been able

0:23:47.279,0:23:51.440
to pursue their art and creativity

0:23:49.120,0:23:53.039
to become novelists and writers and

0:23:51.440,0:23:53.840
playwrights so the first person we’re

0:23:53.039,0:23:55.120
going to talk about

0:23:53.840,0:23:56.880
you cannot talk about the harlem

0:23:55.120,0:23:59.679
renaissance without mentioning this guy

0:23:56.880,0:24:00.400
his name is w.e.b dubois have you heard

0:23:59.679,0:24:04.159
of him

0:24:00.400,0:24:06.720
yeah what do you know um

0:24:04.159,0:24:07.760
he’s a poet right and he is also an

0:24:06.720,0:24:11.600
activist

0:24:07.760,0:24:14.720
yeah he’s an actor he wrote

0:24:11.600,0:24:17.679
he’s an author yeah

0:24:14.720,0:24:19.600
so w.e.b dubois he had a goal to

0:24:17.679,0:24:21.520
redefine the perception of the black

0:24:19.600,0:24:22.240
person so he was a scholar and an

0:24:21.520,0:24:24.559
activist

0:24:22.240,0:24:27.080
and was the first african-american to

0:24:24.559,0:24:28.960
earn a phd from harvard university in

0:24:27.080,0:24:31.520
1895.

0:24:28.960,0:24:32.960
i did not know that he literally like

0:24:31.520,0:24:35.039
had to he was not allowed to stay on

0:24:32.960,0:24:36.000
campus past 6 p.m and had to like sit in

0:24:35.039,0:24:39.279
a corner

0:24:36.000,0:24:43.000
but he got that degree

0:24:39.279,0:24:44.960
oh my god yeah so he also co-founded the

0:24:43.000,0:24:46.159
naacp

0:24:44.960,0:24:47.760
people who don’t know what that is that

0:24:46.159,0:24:50.480
is the national association for the

0:24:47.760,0:24:53.679
advancements of colored people

0:24:50.480,0:24:54.480
and fun fact he was mixed black and

0:24:53.679,0:24:56.480
white

0:24:54.480,0:24:58.559
so that’s he was actually able to freely

0:24:56.480,0:25:00.880
attend school with white people

0:24:58.559,0:25:02.640
where he grew up in massachusetts which

0:25:00.880,0:25:06.720
okay represent mixed people

0:25:02.640,0:25:10.400
hey um

0:25:06.720,0:25:12.640
yeah so actually he didn’t experience uh

0:25:10.400,0:25:15.600
jim crow laws until he went to tennessee

0:25:12.640,0:25:17.679
in 1885 for his undergrad degree

0:25:15.600,0:25:19.440
and when he was experiencing that for

0:25:17.679,0:25:21.760
the first time it really sparked his

0:25:19.440,0:25:23.360
analysis of american racism

0:25:21.760,0:25:25.760
and i was like how could how have i

0:25:23.360,0:25:27.440
never heard of w.e.b du bois before and

0:25:25.760,0:25:29.760
i really want to read more of his work

0:25:27.440,0:25:31.440
because i’m so curious and i always

0:25:29.760,0:25:32.159
wonder about how mixed people get

0:25:31.440,0:25:34.159
treated then

0:25:32.159,0:25:35.840
because how do you how do you choose

0:25:34.159,0:25:36.400
which side because people look different

0:25:35.840,0:25:38.960
right

0:25:36.400,0:25:40.799
and so how do the rights get organized

0:25:38.960,0:25:42.320
and i know how the rights got organized

0:25:40.799,0:25:46.240
in apartheid

0:25:42.320,0:25:47.919
which is the segregation of races in

0:25:46.240,0:25:49.840
south africa which we will cover in

0:25:47.919,0:25:51.520
season two

0:25:49.840,0:25:53.360
one of his works that he published was

0:25:51.520,0:25:55.200
called the souls of black folk

0:25:53.360,0:25:57.520
which was a book that elaborated on the

0:25:55.200,0:25:59.440
diversity of black experiences

0:25:57.520,0:26:01.919
and a lot of his work analyzed the

0:25:59.440,0:26:03.919
effects of systemic racism in creating

0:26:01.919,0:26:06.159
poverty-stricken areas in the black

0:26:03.919,0:26:08.159
community he protested lynching

0:26:06.159,0:26:10.640
and race riots and wanted to uplift the

0:26:08.159,0:26:13.039
voices of the african-american community

0:26:10.640,0:26:15.039
he was a huge writer who published many

0:26:13.039,0:26:15.520
works and gave documentation on what it

0:26:15.039,0:26:19.360
was

0:26:15.520,0:26:22.799
like to be black in america at this time

0:26:19.360,0:26:24.799
so fun fact this is my theory on why

0:26:22.799,0:26:26.640
they didn’t teach you about w.e.b

0:26:24.799,0:26:27.919
du bois in school at least they didn’t

0:26:26.640,0:26:29.600
teach me

0:26:27.919,0:26:32.240
it’s probably because when he was 93

0:26:29.600,0:26:34.159
years old this was in 1961 he joined the

0:26:32.240,0:26:35.039
communist party of the united states of

0:26:34.159,0:26:36.640
america

0:26:35.039,0:26:38.480
which i did not realize we had a

0:26:36.640,0:26:40.080
communist party but

0:26:38.480,0:26:42.080
if you were listening to our last

0:26:40.080,0:26:44.240
episode on the red scare we all know how

0:26:42.080,0:26:46.880
americans feel about that

0:26:44.240,0:26:48.320
so that’s probably could be a reason why

0:26:46.880,0:26:50.080
they left it out

0:26:48.320,0:26:51.679
wow interesting okay so then maybe

0:26:50.080,0:26:53.200
that’s it like

0:26:51.679,0:26:55.360
go back to the episode we were talking

0:26:53.200,0:26:56.240
about how the naacp was labeled as

0:26:55.360,0:26:57.760
communist

0:26:56.240,0:26:59.360
yeah i was thinking about that because i

0:26:57.760,0:26:59.679
was like i’m not surprised that they did

0:26:59.360,0:27:02.559
that

0:26:59.679,0:27:03.919
but also with the way segregation was

0:27:02.559,0:27:04.799
being enforced of course they’re going

0:27:03.919,0:27:06.720
to label

0:27:04.799,0:27:08.559
fighting for like equal rights is

0:27:06.720,0:27:10.640
communism the next person we’re going to

0:27:08.559,0:27:12.880
talk about is langston hughes

0:27:10.640,0:27:13.840
have you heard of him oh yeah he’s

0:27:12.880,0:27:16.720
another

0:27:13.840,0:27:18.000
author he’s another american poet

0:27:16.720,0:27:20.320
activist playwright

0:27:18.000,0:27:21.039
he wrote a piece called quote the negro

0:27:20.320,0:27:22.880
artist

0:27:21.039,0:27:24.640
and the racial mountain unquote which

0:27:22.880,0:27:25.440
was a manifesto that called for

0:27:24.640,0:27:28.799
confident

0:27:25.440,0:27:32.159
and unique black literature so

0:27:28.799,0:27:34.399
a direct quote from his book is quote

0:27:32.159,0:27:35.440
we younger negro artists who create now

0:27:34.399,0:27:37.360
intend to express

0:27:35.440,0:27:39.039
our individual dark-skinned selves

0:27:37.360,0:27:41.279
without fear or shame

0:27:39.039,0:27:43.039
if white people are pleased we are glad

0:27:41.279,0:27:45.200
if they are not it doesn’t matter

0:27:43.039,0:27:47.840
we know we are beautiful and ugly too

0:27:45.200,0:27:48.960
the tom tom cries and the tom tom laughs

0:27:47.840,0:27:51.039
if colored people

0:27:48.960,0:27:52.880
are pleased we are glad if they are not

0:27:51.039,0:27:54.080
that displeasure doesn’t matter either

0:27:52.880,0:27:56.159
unquote

0:27:54.080,0:27:57.520
so advocated for you to present your

0:27:56.159,0:27:58.960
experience as it is

0:27:57.520,0:28:02.000
the next person we’re going to talk

0:27:58.960,0:28:05.360
about is lewis armstrong

0:28:02.000,0:28:07.760
oh wow clearly you’ve heard of him so

0:28:05.360,0:28:08.960
he was a famous trumpet player composer

0:28:07.760,0:28:10.559
vocalist and actor

0:28:08.960,0:28:12.559
who was one of the most influential

0:28:10.559,0:28:14.240
figures in jazz music

0:28:12.559,0:28:16.159
so anyone who doesn’t know what jazz

0:28:14.240,0:28:18.080
music is it is a genre

0:28:16.159,0:28:19.760
that originated in african american

0:28:18.080,0:28:22.720
communities in new orleans

0:28:19.760,0:28:23.520
with roots in blues and ragtime ragtime

0:28:22.720,0:28:26.240
is like my

0:28:23.520,0:28:28.080
favorite piano genre ever i love scott

0:28:26.240,0:28:30.159
joplin who was a ragtime

0:28:28.080,0:28:31.600
composer my hands are too small though

0:28:30.159,0:28:35.440
so i never was able to play

0:28:31.600,0:28:37.039
like a ton of rock time so cute though

0:28:35.440,0:28:38.799
i like kept asking my piano teacher i

0:28:37.039,0:28:40.080
was like when can i start maple leaf rag

0:28:38.799,0:28:41.200
she’s like i just don’t think you can

0:28:40.080,0:28:42.880
hit the octave

0:28:41.200,0:28:44.640
and i couldn’t i could like barely reach

0:28:42.880,0:28:48.720
the office

0:28:44.640,0:28:50.480
yeah you’d like to press on nails

0:28:48.720,0:28:52.960
yeah and i actually i wanted to put some

0:28:50.480,0:28:54.640
examples in the podcast of jazz and

0:28:52.960,0:28:55.520
ragtime music for people who aren’t

0:28:54.640,0:28:58.559
familiar

0:28:55.520,0:29:00.000
but i’m not trying to get a suit so i’m

0:28:58.559,0:29:02.480
gonna actually link

0:29:00.000,0:29:03.600
the some videos to examples in our

0:29:02.480,0:29:06.720
youtube description

0:29:03.600,0:29:07.120
so check it out okay yeah subscribe to

0:29:06.720,0:29:09.520
us

0:29:07.120,0:29:11.279
so lewis armstrong performed in harlem a

0:29:09.520,0:29:13.120
lot and then his career really

0:29:11.279,0:29:15.120
blossomed during this era we’re next

0:29:13.120,0:29:16.720
going to talk about aaron douglas

0:29:15.120,0:29:18.559
so he’s known as the father of black

0:29:16.720,0:29:20.640
american art and he adapted

0:29:18.559,0:29:23.360
african techniques to realize paintings

0:29:20.640,0:29:26.320
and murals as well as book illustration

0:29:23.360,0:29:27.600
he was a very very talented artist for

0:29:26.320,0:29:30.000
african artists

0:29:27.600,0:29:31.600
when you paint something which is like

0:29:30.000,0:29:33.440
really opposite to european artists like

0:29:31.600,0:29:34.799
european artists are really realistic at

0:29:33.440,0:29:35.919
least during the italian renaissance

0:29:34.799,0:29:37.600
what we think of

0:29:35.919,0:29:39.039
is like you want to paint it like

0:29:37.600,0:29:41.200
exactly as it is

0:29:39.039,0:29:43.200
and like still life look like just real

0:29:41.200,0:29:45.120
and for african artists

0:29:43.200,0:29:46.880
which i want to state too african

0:29:45.120,0:29:48.559
artists like aaron douglas

0:29:46.880,0:29:49.919
has all the techniques as well he can

0:29:48.559,0:29:51.679
create just as like

0:29:49.919,0:29:53.760
realistic paintings as you want but

0:29:51.679,0:29:54.159
african techniques are really putting

0:29:53.760,0:29:55.760
life

0:29:54.159,0:29:57.120
into something so when you paint a tree

0:29:55.760,0:29:58.320
you don’t just paint the tree as it is

0:29:57.120,0:30:00.720
you like breathe life

0:29:58.320,0:30:02.240
into it and you give it that creativity

0:30:00.720,0:30:04.960
but okay next on the list

0:30:02.240,0:30:07.279
oscar jones oscar jones was the first

0:30:04.960,0:30:09.440
black filmmaker and he made a lot of

0:30:07.279,0:30:09.919
lovely black films featuring actual

0:30:09.440,0:30:13.039
black

0:30:09.919,0:30:15.120
actors hello playing black people in a

0:30:13.039,0:30:16.240
range of characters and personalities

0:30:15.120,0:30:18.960
that are assertive

0:30:16.240,0:30:21.039
articulate sophisticated and it allowed

0:30:18.960,0:30:23.840
black audiences to see themselves

0:30:21.039,0:30:25.760
displayed in a positive light in films

0:30:23.840,0:30:28.640
and they handled very hard subjects like

0:30:25.760,0:30:29.919
miscegenation and the brutality of rape

0:30:28.640,0:30:32.399
and then if anyone forgets what

0:30:29.919,0:30:35.120
miscegenation means it was

0:30:32.399,0:30:36.799
the like separation the belief that like

0:30:35.120,0:30:38.320
racist should not mix

0:30:36.799,0:30:41.520
at all so that was like the

0:30:38.320,0:30:43.440
miscegenation laws in virginia in 1924

0:30:41.520,0:30:45.360
from loving versus virginia case that we

0:30:43.440,0:30:47.440
covered in our episode called

0:30:45.360,0:30:50.960
we were illegal or are we illegal what

0:30:47.440,0:30:53.279
was it something about us being illegal

0:30:50.960,0:30:54.799
yeah yeah we talked about miscegenation

0:30:53.279,0:30:57.200
law so you should check that out

0:30:54.799,0:30:57.840
uh next josephine baker have you heard

0:30:57.200,0:31:00.960
of her

0:30:57.840,0:31:02.880
she’s a singer yeah

0:31:00.960,0:31:04.000
yeah she’s a performer but she also

0:31:02.880,0:31:06.399
fought for racial equality

0:31:04.000,0:31:08.640
by demanding in her contract that they

0:31:06.399,0:31:11.120
contain non-discrimination clauses

0:31:08.640,0:31:11.840
and that her audiences became integrated

0:31:11.120,0:31:13.919
these are

0:31:11.840,0:31:15.519
just a few people from the movement i

0:31:13.919,0:31:17.600
wanted to talk about and there are

0:31:15.519,0:31:19.200
literally so many more the list goes on

0:31:17.600,0:31:20.640
and on of all the black artists that

0:31:19.200,0:31:22.320
emerge in the harlem renaissance

0:31:20.640,0:31:24.480
but if you want us to cover a specific

0:31:22.320,0:31:26.640
person please email us we also saw a

0:31:24.480,0:31:28.880
rice and vibrant nightlife

0:31:26.640,0:31:30.080
it’s really popular to go to harlem for

0:31:28.880,0:31:32.640
the nightlife

0:31:30.080,0:31:34.720
and entrepreneurs in harlem realized

0:31:32.640,0:31:35.279
that some white people wanted to

0:31:34.720,0:31:36.880
experience

0:31:35.279,0:31:39.760
black culture without having to

0:31:36.880,0:31:42.480
socialize with african americans

0:31:39.760,0:31:43.519
so they created clubs to give the black

0:31:42.480,0:31:45.840
experience

0:31:43.519,0:31:48.000
and some of these were the cotton clubs

0:31:45.840,0:31:50.320
smalls paradise and connie’s inn that

0:31:48.000,0:31:51.440
had jazz and dance performers as well as

0:31:50.320,0:31:52.480
illegal alcohol

0:31:51.440,0:31:54.399
because this is the time of the

0:31:52.480,0:31:56.159
prohibition these clubs are actually

0:31:54.399,0:31:57.919
they were very controversial at the time

0:31:56.159,0:32:00.080
some people ridiculed the existence of

0:31:57.919,0:32:02.720
the clubs because they potentially

0:32:00.080,0:32:03.360
exotified black people but other people

0:32:02.720,0:32:04.720
also

0:32:03.360,0:32:06.559
felt that it was a sign that black

0:32:04.720,0:32:08.960
culture was becoming more accepted i

0:32:06.559,0:32:10.159
see yeah so there are differing opinions

0:32:08.960,0:32:12.559
on these clubs

0:32:10.159,0:32:14.240
so similar to the italian renaissance

0:32:12.559,0:32:14.960
something that many people might not

0:32:14.240,0:32:17.279
know

0:32:14.960,0:32:18.640
is that artists are actually supported

0:32:17.279,0:32:20.720
by patrons

0:32:18.640,0:32:22.080
the way that artists especially like in

0:32:20.720,0:32:25.120
the italian renaissance

0:32:22.080,0:32:26.799
it was like wealthy europeans would

0:32:25.120,0:32:28.640
pay for your art and invest in you and

0:32:26.799,0:32:31.120
that’s how you can make a living

0:32:28.640,0:32:32.559
and the same thing is needed for the

0:32:31.120,0:32:34.960
harlem renaissance

0:32:32.559,0:32:37.279
so a majority of wealth especially at

0:32:34.960,0:32:38.640
this time is concentrated in the pockets

0:32:37.279,0:32:40.320
of white americans

0:32:38.640,0:32:42.000
and so thus there needed to be white

0:32:40.320,0:32:44.240
patrons that supported these black

0:32:42.000,0:32:45.519
artists there is something that emerged

0:32:44.240,0:32:47.679
called the harmon awards

0:32:45.519,0:32:50.000
so the harmon awards were established by

0:32:47.679,0:32:52.399
william elmer harmon who was a wealthy

0:32:50.000,0:32:54.080
white real estate tycoon from ohio

0:32:52.399,0:32:56.559
he understood the benefit of having

0:32:54.080,0:32:58.320
black people participate in the economy

0:32:56.559,0:33:00.080
so harman believed that encouraging

0:32:58.320,0:33:02.000
blacks to be self-sufficient

0:33:00.080,0:33:03.200
would help the country in general become

0:33:02.000,0:33:05.600
more successful

0:33:03.200,0:33:07.519
by getting them into the economic system

0:33:05.600,0:33:10.480
and i think this is literally

0:33:07.519,0:33:11.519
so interesting because i’m like in the

0:33:10.480,0:33:13.200
middle of taking

0:33:11.519,0:33:15.120
a negotiation course from yale

0:33:13.200,0:33:16.240
university just like online and coursera

0:33:15.120,0:33:17.679
it’s the one i sent you

0:33:16.240,0:33:19.600
the reason why we negotiate is because

0:33:17.679,0:33:21.760
when we work together the pie

0:33:19.600,0:33:23.519
gets bigger there aren’t less slices

0:33:21.760,0:33:25.120
that was new to me i didn’t realize like

0:33:23.519,0:33:25.919
for some reason we feel like when we’re

0:33:25.120,0:33:27.519
negotiating

0:33:25.919,0:33:29.760
it’s like who’s gonna get more of the

0:33:27.519,0:33:32.799
pie like no when we work together

0:33:29.760,0:33:34.880
we can get more slices

0:33:32.799,0:33:36.559
um the pie gets bigger i like that i

0:33:34.880,0:33:39.279
remember that i did the first

0:33:36.559,0:33:40.720
like week of that course i remember the

0:33:39.279,0:33:42.320
whole pie metaphor

0:33:40.720,0:33:44.399
and so i just think that it’s so cool

0:33:42.320,0:33:47.360
that he understood this

0:33:44.399,0:33:50.240
concept in a time where many people have

0:33:47.360,0:33:52.399
a scarcity mindset and didn’t realize

0:33:50.240,0:33:54.080
that if you mobilize people to become

0:33:52.399,0:33:56.159
economically self-sufficient

0:33:54.080,0:33:57.360
you can as a whole increase a country’s

0:33:56.159,0:34:00.399
production and

0:33:57.360,0:34:01.760
everyone benefits we talked about the

0:34:00.399,0:34:03.840
dot-com bubble bursting

0:34:01.760,0:34:06.000
when a company has an ipo that means

0:34:03.840,0:34:08.960
that average investors can buy into it

0:34:06.000,0:34:10.720
when you buy into an i like a share of a

0:34:08.960,0:34:12.399
company you’re giving them money

0:34:10.720,0:34:15.040
to take and continue building their

0:34:12.399,0:34:17.040
company so when you have more people who

0:34:15.040,0:34:18.560
have the money to participate that means

0:34:17.040,0:34:19.679
more money’s flowing into the economy

0:34:18.560,0:34:21.839
that means a greater

0:34:19.679,0:34:23.760
gdp that means greater production that

0:34:21.839,0:34:24.480
means more chances for entrepreneurs to

0:34:23.760,0:34:26.320
continue

0:34:24.480,0:34:27.520
building out infrastructures and

0:34:26.320,0:34:29.040
providing more jobs you

0:34:27.520,0:34:31.119
you want everyone to be able to

0:34:29.040,0:34:31.440
participate in the economy since this is

0:34:31.119,0:34:34.240
not

0:34:31.440,0:34:35.520
an economics episode we’re not gonna get

0:34:34.240,0:34:37.440
that far into it but i

0:34:35.520,0:34:38.960
am going to link that course in the

0:34:37.440,0:34:41.040
youtube description

0:34:38.960,0:34:42.159
just like a fair warning it’s a little

0:34:41.040,0:34:43.599
heavy on math

0:34:42.159,0:34:45.440
but the principles are really

0:34:43.599,0:34:47.839
interesting and you can still get

0:34:45.440,0:34:50.879
like a larger understanding so this guy

0:34:47.839,0:34:52.800
found the harmon foundation in 1922

0:34:50.879,0:34:55.280
and with that formed something called

0:34:52.800,0:34:57.680
the harmon awards these awards were

0:34:55.280,0:34:58.800
awarded to black people for constructive

0:34:57.680,0:35:01.119
achievement

0:34:58.800,0:35:02.000
and they were awarded in sectors from

0:35:01.119,0:35:04.960
business

0:35:02.000,0:35:05.760
and industry science and invention music

0:35:04.960,0:35:08.160
education

0:35:05.760,0:35:10.079
religious service race relations and

0:35:08.160,0:35:12.560
fine arts so the awards range from

0:35:10.079,0:35:15.440
bronze to gold with monetary benefits

0:35:12.560,0:35:16.960
ranging from 100 usd to a thousand usd

0:35:15.440,0:35:19.920
during that time

0:35:16.960,0:35:20.480
which today would have been 1 500 usd to

0:35:19.920,0:35:23.599
14

0:35:20.480,0:35:25.599
000 usd for art shows too their uh black

0:35:23.599,0:35:26.560
artists were also able to profit off of

0:35:25.599,0:35:30.400
the sales of art

0:35:26.560,0:35:32.000
wow yeah okay so the harlem renaissance

0:35:30.400,0:35:33.440
was a time where black people could

0:35:32.000,0:35:36.000
shatter stereotypes

0:35:33.440,0:35:36.880
increase visibility and uplift african

0:35:36.000,0:35:39.599
voices

0:35:36.880,0:35:41.680
so much of the art was celebratory but

0:35:39.599,0:35:43.920
there were also lots of pieces that

0:35:41.680,0:35:45.040
illustrated the alienation racism

0:35:43.920,0:35:47.359
discrimination

0:35:45.040,0:35:48.640
and the discomfort of performing the

0:35:47.359,0:35:50.400
black identity

0:35:48.640,0:35:52.560
in a white world there’s a concept of

0:35:50.400,0:35:54.480
double consciousness being black

0:35:52.560,0:35:56.160
and american at the same time

0:35:54.480,0:35:58.079
playwriting contests at the time

0:35:56.160,0:35:59.280
encourage writers to write about things

0:35:58.079,0:36:01.599
as they know them

0:35:59.280,0:36:03.280
saying quote you do not have to confine

0:36:01.599,0:36:05.359
your writings to the portrayals of

0:36:03.280,0:36:05.920
beggars scandals and prostitutes you can

0:36:05.359,0:36:08.320
write about

0:36:05.920,0:36:10.560
ordinary decent colored people if you

0:36:08.320,0:36:11.440
want on the other hand do not fear the

0:36:10.560,0:36:13.440
truth

0:36:11.440,0:36:15.680
plumb the depths if you want to paint

0:36:13.440,0:36:18.240
crime and destitution and evil

0:36:15.680,0:36:19.760
paint it be true be sincere be thorough

0:36:18.240,0:36:23.359
and do a beautiful job

0:36:19.760,0:36:25.839
unquote yeah people are diverse right

0:36:23.359,0:36:29.040
like people have diverse experiences and

0:36:25.839,0:36:31.040
so you don’t always have to write about

0:36:29.040,0:36:32.320
like things that people expect you to

0:36:31.040,0:36:33.200
write whatever you want to write just be

0:36:32.320,0:36:35.839
true to who you are

0:36:33.200,0:36:37.599
because you are like yourself like it’s

0:36:35.839,0:36:40.320
only recently where like we could have

0:36:37.599,0:36:41.200
uh someone from like some a non-white

0:36:40.320,0:36:43.280
actor

0:36:41.200,0:36:44.560
like being the lead in a movie that has

0:36:43.280,0:36:46.480
nothing to do with

0:36:44.560,0:36:48.640
like their background and it’s like oh

0:36:46.480,0:36:50.640
just portraying them just like a normal

0:36:48.640,0:36:52.480
human being like just a normal i’m like

0:36:50.640,0:36:53.280
just thinking like disney channel stuff

0:36:52.480,0:36:55.520
or like yeah

0:36:53.280,0:36:57.200
oh my gosh i saw a disney channel show i

0:36:55.520,0:36:58.800
don’t even know what it was it was like

0:36:57.200,0:37:00.640
my sister’s watching in high school and

0:36:58.800,0:37:03.119
they had an asian character

0:37:00.640,0:37:05.119
who was literally like stereotypical

0:37:03.119,0:37:06.800
super stressed out about grades super

0:37:05.119,0:37:08.720
like academic and i was like

0:37:06.800,0:37:10.560
can’t you just make her like a fellow

0:37:08.720,0:37:11.760
camper like why does it have to be her

0:37:10.560,0:37:15.040
narrative

0:37:11.760,0:37:16.160
um yeah writing about it all the way

0:37:15.040,0:37:18.400
back during the

0:37:16.160,0:37:20.240
renaissance like yeah one play that

0:37:18.400,0:37:21.839
stood out to me in particular during

0:37:20.240,0:37:23.440
this time that i was reading about my

0:37:21.839,0:37:25.680
research is called

0:37:23.440,0:37:27.359
quote rachel unquote and that was

0:37:25.680,0:37:29.839
written by african american playwright

0:37:27.359,0:37:31.760
and poet angelina weld grimkay

0:37:29.839,0:37:32.880
and so the premise of that play is

0:37:31.760,0:37:34.640
basically rachel

0:37:32.880,0:37:36.320
the main character is an educated

0:37:34.640,0:37:38.000
sensitive young black woman

0:37:36.320,0:37:40.560
who comes to the understanding of the

0:37:38.000,0:37:42.240
harsh realities of american racism

0:37:40.560,0:37:44.079
she comes to learn that her brother and

0:37:42.240,0:37:46.000
father were lynched she then becomes

0:37:44.079,0:37:48.400
depressed and vows never to have

0:37:46.000,0:37:50.720
children and rejects the love of the man

0:37:48.400,0:37:51.760
she loves think that that’s such a

0:37:50.720,0:37:54.560
realistic

0:37:51.760,0:37:55.680
probably experience of women at the time

0:37:54.560,0:37:57.440
and i think women

0:37:55.680,0:37:59.119
especially will go through this as well

0:37:57.440,0:38:00.800
like is it ethical to bring

0:37:59.119,0:38:02.400
more people into this world if you know

0:38:00.800,0:38:04.079
that they’re gonna suffer

0:38:02.400,0:38:05.599
in that way and especially during this

0:38:04.079,0:38:07.680
time i can’t imagine

0:38:05.599,0:38:10.400
like wrestling with that when the stock

0:38:07.680,0:38:12.240
market crashed in 1929

0:38:10.400,0:38:13.839
this also led to the decline of the

0:38:12.240,0:38:16.160
harlem renaissance

0:38:13.839,0:38:17.920
as you know from the great depression

0:38:16.160,0:38:20.160
episode we know so much we’re just

0:38:17.920,0:38:22.160
learning together

0:38:20.160,0:38:25.280
this is the crash that led to the united

0:38:22.160,0:38:26.960
states historical great depression

0:38:25.280,0:38:29.040
during this time many people lost their

0:38:26.960,0:38:31.440
money including wealthy white patrons

0:38:29.040,0:38:34.000
so they’re not investing into black art

0:38:31.440,0:38:36.560
and not going to clubs in harlem as much

0:38:34.000,0:38:38.720
so regardless the harlem renaissance

0:38:36.560,0:38:40.640
created a new image of sophisticated and

0:38:38.720,0:38:41.920
intellectual african americans and gave

0:38:40.640,0:38:43.920
a voice to a community

0:38:41.920,0:38:44.960
that had been voiceless for hundreds of

0:38:43.920,0:38:47.920
years

0:38:44.960,0:38:49.520
yeah and it gave these artists pride in

0:38:47.920,0:38:51.440
and control over how the black

0:38:49.520,0:38:52.160
experience was represented in american

0:38:51.440,0:38:53.839
culture

0:38:52.160,0:38:55.359
and it also set the stage for the civil

0:38:53.839,0:38:56.880
rights movement so

0:38:55.359,0:38:58.720
most importantly although the

0:38:56.880,0:39:00.320
renaissance came to an end the artwork

0:38:58.720,0:39:01.680
of those artists still lives on to

0:39:00.320,0:39:04.960
inspire and empower us

0:39:01.680,0:39:07.200
throughout generations yes it lives on

0:39:04.960,0:39:09.920
forever

0:39:07.200,0:39:11.920
yeah but yeah so that’s the harlem

0:39:09.920,0:39:14.080
renaissance thank you for

0:39:11.920,0:39:28.510
sticking with us throughout

0:39:14.080,0:39:28.510
[Music]

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