Texas Was A Country?

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The relationship between Iran and the US has always been a rough one, and in today's episode we're going to highlight one of the major events that has shaped this relationship. The Iran Hostage Crisis defined the future of US-Iran relations, changed the course of the Carter Administration's success, and devastated the lives of several American diplomats. In this episode, Nat and Jac learn about the Iran Hostage Crisis and reflect on the risks associated with public service and diplomacy. 📦 ORDER YOUR HDWNKT STICKER HERE!: https://account.venmo.com/u/hdwnkt  💛Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat  📄Study Guides and Show Notes: http://www.hdwnkt.com Follow Us On Social Media 🎉: 🐦Twitter: @HDWNKT 📸 Instagram: @HDWNKT 🕺Tik Tok: @HDWNKT 🖥YouTube: @HDWNKT Check out FSO Compass here: https://fsocompass.com/hdwnkt   — Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/hdwnkt/support
  1. How Do You Solve A Hostage Crisis?
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Show Notes

Before President James K. Polk, America looked a lot smaller than it does today. In this episode, Nat gives an overview of the Mexican-American War and how it changed the landscape of our country forever.

Sources:

Transcript

0:00:00.170,0:00:06.210
okay um hi everyone welcome to another

0:00:04.080,0:00:08.189
episode of how did we not know that I’m

0:00:06.210,0:00:14.070
one of your hosts my name is Jack and

0:00:08.189,0:00:17.820
I’m Matt and yes yeah and that’s that’s

0:00:14.070,0:00:21.980
us okay so today NAT will be presenting

0:00:17.820,0:00:24.449
on a topic that she chose go ahead now

0:00:21.980,0:00:27.510
yes I’m going to be talking about the

0:00:24.449,0:00:30.000
mexican-american war yeah

0:00:27.510,0:00:32.369
do you know much about that I know

0:00:30.000,0:00:34.170
nothing I’m guessing that William

0:00:32.369,0:00:35.790
McKinley is this the one who led us

0:00:34.170,0:00:38.879
through a result the spanish-american

0:00:35.790,0:00:42.030
war the spanish-american war so okay so

0:00:38.879,0:00:44.489
different things yeah so these are two

0:00:42.030,0:00:47.160
different things um yeah this war was

0:00:44.489,0:00:50.309
actually led by President James K Polk

0:00:47.160,0:00:50.879
um I did not know much about him as a

0:00:50.309,0:00:54.530
president

0:00:50.879,0:00:57.270
so I ever heard of him yeah yeah okay um

0:00:54.530,0:00:59.160
yeah I feel like I learned about the

0:00:57.270,0:01:02.579
mexican-american war maybe in high

0:00:59.160,0:01:05.850
school briefly um but like we didn’t

0:01:02.579,0:01:08.159
talk a lot about it also my dad is from

0:01:05.850,0:01:10.560
Mexico so like we’ll talk about it once

0:01:08.159,0:01:12.689
in a while but like I really didn’t know

0:01:10.560,0:01:14.610
the details of the war so like I had

0:01:12.689,0:01:16.280
heard about it and I was like let me

0:01:14.610,0:01:18.840
look into it a little bit more um

0:01:16.280,0:01:21.060
because it was recently Cinco de Mayo I

0:01:18.840,0:01:25.080
was thinking about past you know

0:01:21.060,0:01:27.840
us-mexico relations so yeah so as you do

0:01:25.080,0:01:29.130
on Cinco de Maya that’s how you

0:01:27.840,0:01:31.860
celebrate Cinco de Mayo

0:01:29.130,0:01:34.710
but yeah so I decided to look into this

0:01:31.860,0:01:36.659
war a little bit more so yeah so like I

0:01:34.710,0:01:39.600
said earlier it was led by President

0:01:36.659,0:01:41.970
James K Polk he was considered actually

0:01:39.600,0:01:45.600
one of the last strong presidents until

0:01:41.970,0:01:48.119
the Civil War so he was a he was a

0:01:45.600,0:01:51.119
really strong leader whether or not you

0:01:48.119,0:01:53.729
agree with his actions uh that’s the kid

0:01:51.119,0:01:55.409
I asked when he was president so he

0:01:53.729,0:01:57.990
would have been before Abraham Lincoln

0:01:55.409,0:02:01.229
and so like way back yeah so he was

0:01:57.990,0:02:06.210
actually elected in 1844 and he only

0:02:01.229,0:02:07.920
served one term from 1845 to 1849 so

0:02:06.210,0:02:11.310
this is a while back and he was a

0:02:07.920,0:02:13.000
Democrat and his whole deal was that he

0:02:11.310,0:02:16.150
was a huge supporter of manaphy

0:02:13.000,0:02:19.030
destiny manifest destiny and he wanted

0:02:16.150,0:02:21.160
to expand u.s. territory like all across

0:02:19.030,0:02:23.560
North America basically he wanted to

0:02:21.160,0:02:26.650
take over as much land as possible like

0:02:23.560,0:02:30.730
his whole campaign was at the Oregon

0:02:26.650,0:02:33.940
Territory should be reapplied and then

0:02:30.730,0:02:36.100
Texas should be Rhian –ax so we’re

0:02:33.940,0:02:37.180
gonna get it to Texas a little bit later

0:02:36.100,0:02:39.940
all right

0:02:37.180,0:02:42.220
we annexed is like we removed them like

0:02:39.940,0:02:44.550
they’re not part of us the annex is

0:02:42.220,0:02:48.400
basically like you take an independent

0:02:44.550,0:02:50.410
nation and then you like you make it a

0:02:48.400,0:02:54.730
part of your nation so you okay so we

0:02:50.410,0:02:56.530
wanted to take Texas okay this is the

0:02:54.730,0:02:59.110
part I did not know about at the time

0:02:56.530,0:03:01.030
Texas was a country it was called the

0:02:59.110,0:03:03.280
Republic of Texas but I believe that

0:03:01.030,0:03:06.100
literally if you meet anyone from Texas

0:03:03.280,0:03:07.990
they act like it’s a country still so I

0:03:06.100,0:03:09.580
was like doing my research on the

0:03:07.990,0:03:12.160
Republic of Texas and there’s a lot of

0:03:09.580,0:03:14.290
very like patriotic websites dedicated

0:03:12.160,0:03:16.959
to the whole country but yeah for nine

0:03:14.290,0:03:20.620
years it was an independent nation which

0:03:16.959,0:03:23.200
I did not know they’re like most likely

0:03:20.620,0:03:28.930
to split from the rest of the United

0:03:23.200,0:03:32.220
States likely to yeah yeah so the whole

0:03:28.930,0:03:34.870
time like James Polk really wanted to I

0:03:32.220,0:03:37.750
wanted to annex the Republic of Texas

0:03:34.870,0:03:40.269
and additionally on top of all this he

0:03:37.750,0:03:43.530
also settled a border dispute with

0:03:40.269,0:03:47.290
Britain and he gained control of

0:03:43.530,0:03:51.100
Washington Oregon Idaho and then parts

0:03:47.290,0:03:53.709
of Montana and Wyoming so this is so why

0:03:51.100,0:03:57.130
yeah if you look at a map of the u.s.

0:03:53.709,0:03:59.070
like before James President Polk and

0:03:57.130,0:04:03.519
then after President Polk it’s like

0:03:59.070,0:04:05.560
insane and so during his campaign he

0:04:03.519,0:04:09.310
also said he wanted to acquire the

0:04:05.560,0:04:11.410
southwest part of what is now today the

0:04:09.310,0:04:13.780
u.s. but he wanted to control all those

0:04:11.410,0:04:15.850
states by buying it but Mexico kept

0:04:13.780,0:04:18.940
saying like no we don’t want to sell it

0:04:15.850,0:04:22.030
oh so before then that Southwest was all

0:04:18.940,0:04:24.380
territory of Mexico like California New

0:04:22.030,0:04:27.590
Mexico Nevada

0:04:24.380,0:04:30.440
California was even Mexico’s okay what

0:04:27.590,0:04:32.570
about um like in the North II no not

0:04:30.440,0:04:35.330
northeast the Northwest area so like

0:04:32.570,0:04:37.940
Oregon and Washington was that whose was

0:04:35.330,0:04:40.280
that yeah I believe it was like British

0:04:37.940,0:04:42.950
control because that’s when comes in and

0:04:40.280,0:04:44.780
etc settles that border dispute but also

0:04:42.950,0:04:47.390
like we have to remember like before

0:04:44.780,0:04:51.350
that it was like Native American land

0:04:47.390,0:04:54.890
right like first and foremost but right

0:04:51.350,0:04:56.990
right so yeah let me jump to the

0:04:54.890,0:04:58.880
Republic of Texas because this is what

0:04:56.990,0:05:02.330
really may be interested in the whole

0:04:58.880,0:05:04.700
topic so after Mexico gains independence

0:05:02.330,0:05:07.310
from Spain so side note if you didn’t

0:05:04.700,0:05:09.170
know Mexico was a Spanish colony um so

0:05:07.310,0:05:12.560
then in Mexico gains its independence

0:05:09.170,0:05:14.780
and they allow us settlers to start

0:05:12.560,0:05:16.970
living in Texas in the state of Texas

0:05:14.780,0:05:20.120
and once this happens like the

0:05:16.970,0:05:23.860
population of Texas booms and but this

0:05:20.120,0:05:26.270
like really reduces the amount of

0:05:23.860,0:05:29.360
Mexicans living in Texas so now it’s

0:05:26.270,0:05:31.820
like mostly us settlers rather than

0:05:29.360,0:05:34.220
actual Mexicans living in Texas and so

0:05:31.820,0:05:36.830
because of this newest settlers like

0:05:34.220,0:05:39.980
revolt against Mexico and they claim

0:05:36.830,0:05:43.010
independence from the country of Mexico

0:05:39.980,0:05:44.630
in 1836 and so there’s a whole Texas

0:05:43.010,0:05:45.770
revolution that’s where I don’t know if

0:05:44.630,0:05:48.590
you’ve heard of like the Battle of the

0:05:45.770,0:05:50.990
Alamo I feel like the crown yeah I know

0:05:48.590,0:05:53.900
nothing about it I always really

0:05:50.990,0:05:59.000
remember the Alamo but yeah and they

0:05:53.900,0:06:01.760
like we’re fighting against Mexico okay

0:05:59.000,0:06:04.250
so when US settlers were fighting

0:06:01.760,0:06:08.590
against Mexico so it’s us settlers

0:06:04.250,0:06:12.139
versus like Mexican soldiers and now

0:06:08.590,0:06:14.960
settlers would okay so that’s

0:06:12.139,0:06:17.330
you say remember that Alamo I gotta look

0:06:14.960,0:06:19.340
into that I don’t know something like

0:06:17.330,0:06:21.860
the Battle of the Alamo but it was one

0:06:19.340,0:06:24.860
of the battles within the Texas

0:06:21.860,0:06:27.379
Revolution yeah I wonder why they don’t

0:06:24.860,0:06:30.710
want to forget that remember the Alamo I

0:06:27.379,0:06:33.259
did it looking to be honest like battles

0:06:30.710,0:06:35.449
are not it like my strong suit they’re

0:06:33.259,0:06:38.659
not what I’m most interested in so as

0:06:35.449,0:06:41.090
well that’s fair yeah through the

0:06:38.659,0:06:43.039
battles but yeah it’s like a rabbit hole

0:06:41.090,0:06:44.840
to I feel like when you look at one

0:06:43.039,0:06:46.819
battle it’ll connect to like multiple

0:06:44.840,0:06:51.319
other ones and then you just can’t get

0:06:46.819,0:06:54.199
it out right right yeah so Texas gains

0:06:51.319,0:06:55.819
independence and at first the US didn’t

0:06:54.199,0:06:58.520
want to incorporate it into the Union

0:06:55.819,0:07:02.150
because the northern states didn’t want

0:06:58.520,0:07:03.199
another new slave state so at the time

0:07:02.150,0:07:06.050
there was like a pretty good balance

0:07:03.199,0:07:07.460
between like slave states and non slave

0:07:06.050,0:07:09.289
states so they were like oh we don’t

0:07:07.460,0:07:13.909
need another safe safe so please don’t

0:07:09.289,0:07:15.919
please don’t join us actually it was a

0:07:13.909,0:07:17.990
pretty risky move because the Mexican

0:07:15.919,0:07:21.169
government was also encouraging border

0:07:17.990,0:07:23.599
raids and they warned that like if the

0:07:21.169,0:07:26.750
US tried to annex Texas it would lead to

0:07:23.599,0:07:28.879
war and so yeah it was a pretty risky

0:07:26.750,0:07:31.310
move and if you’re wondering like what

0:07:28.879,0:07:34.129
the Republic of Texas was like as a

0:07:31.310,0:07:37.189
country for the most part they really

0:07:34.129,0:07:39.169
had no money like credit or governmental

0:07:37.189,0:07:41.300
structures it was really hard to

0:07:39.169,0:07:44.289
establish a strong government because

0:07:41.300,0:07:47.060
they were constantly fighting against

0:07:44.289,0:07:50.089
like Mexican soldiers and then also

0:07:47.060,0:07:53.719
Native American tribes and yeah so it

0:07:50.089,0:07:56.659
was not really it it like it was a

0:07:53.719,0:08:02.000
independent nation but yeah it was not a

0:07:56.659,0:08:05.500
very strong nation so in 1844 the

0:08:02.000,0:08:08.770
president before President James Polk

0:08:05.500,0:08:13.939
who his name is President John Tyler

0:08:08.770,0:08:16.129
also don’t know much about him he right

0:08:13.939,0:08:19.159
before he leaves office he proposes a

0:08:16.129,0:08:21.680
Treaty of annexation to the republic of

0:08:19.159,0:08:25.160
texas so he also really wants to annex

0:08:21.680,0:08:27.140
Texas and this treaty is defeated in the

0:08:25.160,0:08:29.990
again because it would upset the slave

0:08:27.140,0:08:32.330
state free state balance and then

0:08:29.990,0:08:34.340
clovers go war with Mexico so they did

0:08:32.330,0:08:36.530
early no no thank you

0:08:34.340,0:08:39.289
however like pretty much like right

0:08:36.530,0:08:42.860
before he like a couple months before he

0:08:39.289,0:08:44.990
leaves office he actually does president

0:08:42.860,0:08:47.750
Tyler manages to get a congressional

0:08:44.990,0:08:51.980
resolution passed and this resolution is

0:08:47.750,0:08:55.880
signed into law on March 1st 1845 and so

0:08:51.980,0:08:58.160
then President John Tyler leaves office

0:08:55.880,0:09:00.560
President James Polk assumes office and

0:08:58.160,0:09:04.250
Texas and it’s officially admitted to

0:09:00.560,0:09:07.460
the Union on December 29 1845 so the

0:09:04.250,0:09:10.790
same day President Polk assumes office

0:09:07.460,0:09:13.280
Texas is right and the Union is like the

0:09:10.790,0:09:17.840
northern states right the Union is like

0:09:13.280,0:09:20.660
all the it’s like a you know okay it

0:09:17.840,0:09:23.180
just means the US then but yeah and I’d

0:09:20.660,0:09:25.810
it like a non slave state its Civil War

0:09:23.180,0:09:29.210
then you have like Union say

0:09:25.810,0:09:31.750
Confederates like my time it’s like the

0:09:29.210,0:09:35.270
Union is like it’s just everything okay

0:09:31.750,0:09:37.940
what side was Texas on for the Civil War

0:09:35.270,0:09:41.120
do you remember their Confederate

0:09:37.940,0:09:43.610
they’re like Oh in the south and they

0:09:41.120,0:09:46.910
were also a safe State so okay Shane

0:09:43.610,0:09:48.410
yeah so this is like yeah again just a

0:09:46.910,0:09:49.660
reminder like this is all right before

0:09:48.410,0:09:53.300
the Civil War

0:09:49.660,0:09:56.750
mmm like gives you a better yeah

0:09:53.300,0:09:58.550
understanding so even though like Mexico

0:09:56.750,0:10:01.160
was like hey if you guys annex Texas

0:09:58.550,0:10:02.960
we’re gonna go to war with you they

0:10:01.160,0:10:05.860
actually don’t end up declaring war

0:10:02.960,0:10:08.380
however like tensions start rising

0:10:05.860,0:10:11.960
because there’s huge border disputes

0:10:08.380,0:10:15.050
like even though the u.s. annexed Texas

0:10:11.960,0:10:16.400
like Texas is a huge state and so even

0:10:15.050,0:10:20.750
within that state there were border

0:10:16.400,0:10:23.390
disputes over like weird where the two

0:10:20.750,0:10:26.780
countries split off so basically Mexico

0:10:23.390,0:10:29.540
claims that this USS River is the border

0:10:26.780,0:10:33.140
but the US wants the Rio Grande to be

0:10:29.540,0:10:35.600
the border and so like they’re fighting

0:10:33.140,0:10:38.480
and arguing and within that border like

0:10:35.600,0:10:39.740
there’s a lot of like small little

0:10:38.480,0:10:45.519
permission I guess you would call them

0:10:39.740,0:10:51.079
like not official battles a skirmish is

0:10:45.519,0:10:54.920
actual term squirmish but I had like a

0:10:51.079,0:10:57.380
scuffle or something yeah I don’t know

0:10:54.920,0:10:59.029
yeah scrimmage scrimmage is like sports

0:10:57.380,0:11:01.670
when it’s like not a real game it’s a

0:10:59.029,0:11:03.529
scrimmage yeah okay maybe that’s what

0:11:01.670,0:11:08.990
I’m thinking of either way they’re like

0:11:03.529,0:11:14.570
my minor little stuff Oh war yet however

0:11:08.990,0:11:17.300
so July 1845 so Hulk and so this is

0:11:14.570,0:11:19.339
before like Texas is officially declared

0:11:17.300,0:11:21.019
a state right but this is kind of like

0:11:19.339,0:11:22.490
after resolutions have been passed so

0:11:21.019,0:11:24.709
they’re like okay it’s pretty much gonna

0:11:22.490,0:11:27.440
be official so will President Polk send

0:11:24.709,0:11:29.120
US troops to this like disputed land

0:11:27.440,0:11:33.320
that’s between the new Estes and the Rio

0:11:29.120,0:11:36.290
Grande and then in November 1845

0:11:33.320,0:11:39.110
President Polk sends a diplomat named

0:11:36.290,0:11:43.430
John Slidell to Mexico in order to seek

0:11:39.110,0:11:46.430
like boundary adjustments however in

0:11:43.430,0:11:48.949
they also want to like by California and

0:11:46.430,0:11:51.079
New Mexico but this doesn’t work out and

0:11:48.949,0:11:52.940
they kind of Mexico kind of shoots them

0:11:51.079,0:11:54.470
down they’re like no like we’re good we

0:11:52.940,0:11:59.000
just want to keep all of our land like

0:11:54.470,0:12:01.130
please leave us alone and because like

0:11:59.000,0:12:03.139
President Polk is very determined to

0:12:01.130,0:12:06.500
acquire all this land so he sends

0:12:03.139,0:12:08.480
general Zachary Taylor to the mouth of

0:12:06.500,0:12:12.139
the Rio Grande so this is kind of like

0:12:08.480,0:12:14.839
okay where this is official and we’re

0:12:12.139,0:12:18.010
taking this over basically so on April

0:12:14.839,0:12:20.810
25th 1846 the next year basically

0:12:18.010,0:12:23.420
Mexican Calvary attacks a group of US

0:12:20.810,0:12:26.810
soldiers in this disputed zone between

0:12:23.420,0:12:29.240
the two rivers and this these US troops

0:12:26.810,0:12:33.829
are under the command of general Zachary

0:12:29.240,0:12:39.019
Taylor and so about a dozen Americans

0:12:33.829,0:12:41.329
are killed and additionally Mexican

0:12:39.019,0:12:43.910
troops laid siege to an American fort

0:12:41.329,0:12:46.269
along the Rio Grande and so they kind of

0:12:43.910,0:12:48.019
like won this little battle and then

0:12:46.269,0:12:49.390
like after this

0:12:48.019,0:12:52.320
so after there they’re like winning

0:12:49.390,0:12:54.570
general Taylor calls in for reinforce

0:12:52.320,0:12:56.180
and this reinforcement is like they have

0:12:54.570,0:12:59.600
a lot of better weapons and our killer

0:12:56.180,0:13:02.690
artillery so like basically after that

0:12:59.600,0:13:04.649
there’s like a lot more battles but

0:13:02.690,0:13:06.839
basically I think once we call

0:13:04.649,0:13:10.019
reinforcements and we get congressional

0:13:06.839,0:13:12.120
support we’re able to like attack all of

0:13:10.019,0:13:15.089
these all of the Mexican troops that are

0:13:12.120,0:13:17.040
being sent and yeah and then we

0:13:15.089,0:13:19.740
basically win like everything after this

0:13:17.040,0:13:22.319
yeah so this little so because we kind

0:13:19.740,0:13:24.360
of lost this little upset President Polk

0:13:22.319,0:13:26.190
was like really really pissed and he

0:13:24.360,0:13:28.110
goes to Congress and he’s like hey like

0:13:26.190,0:13:29.819
we really need to declare war because

0:13:28.110,0:13:31.500
like so far you guys have been kind of

0:13:29.819,0:13:34.350
lenient I know you don’t want to upset

0:13:31.500,0:13:36.899
like the balance between the states but

0:13:34.350,0:13:39.120
like they’re attacking us so we have to

0:13:36.899,0:13:41.430
go to war so on May 13th Congress

0:13:39.120,0:13:43.199
declares war and again there’s

0:13:41.430,0:13:44.670
opposition from all the northern states

0:13:43.199,0:13:47.370
they’re like please don’t do this

0:13:44.670,0:13:48.959
um and additionally there’s throughout

0:13:47.370,0:13:51.449
this whole mexican-american war there’s

0:13:48.959,0:13:54.060
actually no official declaration of war

0:13:51.449,0:13:56.360
from Mexico so this is just kind of like

0:13:54.060,0:14:00.329
on the American side so I think that’s

0:13:56.360,0:14:02.430
important to keep in mind uh so after

0:14:00.329,0:14:04.620
this after this all happens the

0:14:02.430,0:14:06.870
mexican-american war goes into full

0:14:04.620,0:14:09.959
fledge so just to give you a little like

0:14:06.870,0:14:18.149
overview of the war as a whole so it

0:14:09.959,0:14:20.550
lasts from 1846 to 1847 Flick fought

0:14:18.149,0:14:23.339
mainly on foreign soil so I thought that

0:14:20.550,0:14:24.990
was super interesting yeah maybe that’s

0:14:23.339,0:14:28.440
why we don’t care about it so much

0:14:24.990,0:14:31.230
because it wasn’t on US soil yeah yeah

0:14:28.440,0:14:34.050
it was fought mostly on Mexican

0:14:31.230,0:14:36.870
territory and I mean the whole purpose

0:14:34.050,0:14:40.439
was like for territorial acquisition and

0:14:36.870,0:14:42.209
like so it’s yeah maybe that’s why we

0:14:40.439,0:14:44.760
don’t really talk about it as much but

0:14:42.209,0:14:46.889
there’s a lot of like high morale on the

0:14:44.760,0:14:49.290
US side because at this time we have a

0:14:46.889,0:14:51.149
really strong Navy our government

0:14:49.290,0:14:52.800
leadership is super strong as well and

0:14:51.149,0:14:54.300
then our economy is doing a lot better

0:14:52.800,0:14:56.370
than Mexico so everyone’s pretty

0:14:54.300,0:14:59.069
confident that we’re going to win this

0:14:56.370,0:15:01.829
um and additionally at this point

0:14:59.069,0:15:03.870
there’s only around seventy five

0:15:01.829,0:15:05.050
thousand Mexicans that are currently

0:15:03.870,0:15:07.060
living north of the

0:15:05.050,0:15:09.190
Rio Grande so because of this it’s like

0:15:07.060,0:15:11.980
really easy to conquer these lands

0:15:09.190,0:15:13.140
so wait before you on where is the Rio

0:15:11.980,0:15:16.060
Grande

0:15:13.140,0:15:19.019
that’s actually a little like a spoiler

0:15:16.060,0:15:22.899
that’s our that’s a current like border

0:15:19.019,0:15:27.790
a natural border between the u.s. and

0:15:22.899,0:15:32.970
Mexico oh I see okay Texas today I guess

0:15:27.790,0:15:35.740
ah so yeah it’s a really big river and

0:15:32.970,0:15:38.440
yeah it’s spoiler alert that’s that’s

0:15:35.740,0:15:42.850
not creme order today so I guess we know

0:15:38.440,0:15:44.440
how this ends but yeah you’re like

0:15:42.850,0:15:47.740
saving it for later it’s why you didn’t

0:15:44.440,0:15:51.040
tell me it’s fine I feel like yeah

0:15:47.740,0:15:55.540
people probably know but you know yeah

0:15:51.040,0:15:58.899
and but yeah so I guess there’s a lot of

0:15:55.540,0:16:01.540
battles there’s I could list them off is

0:15:58.899,0:16:03.579
the Battle of Buena Vista in February

0:16:01.540,0:16:05.649
1847

0:16:03.579,0:16:08.440
there’s the Battle of Veracruz the

0:16:05.649,0:16:10.360
Battle of Mexico City and again I kind

0:16:08.440,0:16:13.329
of like I’m just listing these off I

0:16:10.360,0:16:14.920
don’t mean to like diminish the I guess

0:16:13.329,0:16:17.500
the importance of these battles and like

0:16:14.920,0:16:21.670
make light of it I just I’m not I don’t

0:16:17.500,0:16:23.589
think I’m person qualified hungry yeah

0:16:21.670,0:16:26.380
these battles I don’t really have a

0:16:23.589,0:16:28.089
strong knowledge of like military and

0:16:26.380,0:16:30.880
like artillery like during this period

0:16:28.089,0:16:33.850
so yeah if you would like to learn more

0:16:30.880,0:16:37.390
please go ahead and look at history calm

0:16:33.850,0:16:40.480
has some amazing about these battles but

0:16:37.390,0:16:44.020
um so now I’m going to jump to like

0:16:40.480,0:16:45.970
Mexico’s perspective so Mexico is like

0:16:44.020,0:16:48.070
not doing great they’ve won they’ve lost

0:16:45.970,0:16:50.380
sorry they’ve lost pretty much every

0:16:48.070,0:16:55.209
battle um and it doesn’t look like

0:16:50.380,0:16:57.550
they’re gonna win and so they in a put

0:16:55.209,0:17:01.240
in like an act of desperation they turn

0:16:57.550,0:17:03.279
to general Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana

0:17:01.240,0:17:05.939
and so let me tell you a little bit

0:17:03.279,0:17:09.240
about this guy see the guy kind of a

0:17:05.939,0:17:13.839
wild wild record so he’s this very

0:17:09.240,0:17:16.929
charismatic leader uh who was actually

0:17:13.839,0:17:18.339
kind of a former dictator in Mexico um

0:17:16.929,0:17:19.990
and

0:17:18.339,0:17:23.409
you at this point in time he was

0:17:19.990,0:17:24.819
currently living in exile in Cuba so he

0:17:23.409,0:17:26.500
had like been arrested in Mexico and

0:17:24.819,0:17:28.750
they’re like get out like we don’t want

0:17:26.500,0:17:32.740
you anymore you’re kind of you’re too

0:17:28.750,0:17:36.640
much for us until in Cuba which was a

0:17:32.740,0:17:39.580
Spanish colony at the time however so

0:17:36.640,0:17:41.529
general Santa Anna like so they’re

0:17:39.580,0:17:43.419
Mexico is like you’re a really good

0:17:41.529,0:17:46.029
military leader so like we kind of need

0:17:43.419,0:17:48.429
you right now and Santa I was like okay

0:17:46.029,0:17:50.529
I’ll be there but I can’t really like

0:17:48.429,0:17:53.919
get there because like there’s so many

0:17:50.529,0:17:55.659
US naval blockades blocking my path like

0:17:53.919,0:17:58.750
I can’t get to Mexico from Cuba

0:17:55.659,0:17:59.289
and so what he does is he so general

0:17:58.750,0:18:02.470
Santa Anna

0:17:59.289,0:18:06.970
like talks to well I guess communicate

0:18:02.470,0:18:10.690
somehow through mail Oh carrier pigeons

0:18:06.970,0:18:12.940
or something so somehow he gets in touch

0:18:10.690,0:18:17.260
with President Polk and he’s like hey

0:18:12.940,0:18:19.120
like if you allow me to return to Mexico

0:18:17.260,0:18:21.970
and pass through all your naval

0:18:19.120,0:18:24.370
blockades I’m gonna end this war in

0:18:21.970,0:18:26.740
terms favorable to the US so he’s like

0:18:24.370,0:18:28.570
I’m gonna help out the US and they’re

0:18:26.740,0:18:30.580
like he’s like don’t worry like Mexico

0:18:28.570,0:18:33.549
wants me back but I’m not gonna let them

0:18:30.580,0:18:36.669
like win and so President Polk was like

0:18:33.549,0:18:40.390
okay cool like thanks you can go ahead

0:18:36.669,0:18:42.450
like so general Santana he makes it to

0:18:40.390,0:18:44.980
Mexico and then he immediately

0:18:42.450,0:18:46.630
double-crosses President Polk by taking

0:18:44.980,0:18:48.190
control of the Mexican army and then

0:18:46.630,0:18:51.100
leading it it’s a battle and like

0:18:48.190,0:18:54.220
straight thing the Mexican army he’s

0:18:51.100,0:18:54.850
like I played you so I’m honestly not

0:18:54.220,0:18:57.549
surprised

0:18:54.850,0:19:00.070
I don’t know how President Polk was like

0:18:57.549,0:19:03.010
yeah that sounds cool like his defense

0:19:00.070,0:19:05.770
like this general had been exiled from

0:19:03.010,0:19:07.510
Mexico and they like kinda all hated him

0:19:05.770,0:19:09.340
and they’re like okay so he made the

0:19:07.510,0:19:11.559
case like I don’t even look like Mexico

0:19:09.340,0:19:15.360
I’m gonna help you guys we’re not on the

0:19:11.559,0:19:18.669
same side so but okay well because of

0:19:15.360,0:19:19.870
general Santana the war lasts for almost

0:19:18.669,0:19:22.779
two years

0:19:19.870,0:19:24.760
so I mean it probably would’ve lasted a

0:19:22.779,0:19:28.360
lot shorter because the u.s. was like

0:19:24.760,0:19:32.200
doing so well before he came um so yeah

0:19:28.360,0:19:32.679
because his arrival and then his kind of

0:19:32.200,0:19:35.769
like

0:19:32.679,0:19:37.539
shaping of the whole army yeah it lasts

0:19:35.769,0:19:38.980
for like a lot longer than the US had

0:19:37.539,0:19:41.049
expected they kind of thought it was

0:19:38.980,0:19:44.350
going to be like really quick over and

0:19:41.049,0:19:48.639
done but it kind of dragged on a lot

0:19:44.350,0:19:52.450
longer they had expected and so yeah

0:19:48.639,0:19:54.249
there’s so many battles one battle that

0:19:52.450,0:19:56.740
I did want to go into a little bit more

0:19:54.249,0:20:01.179
detail about what’s called the Bear Flag

0:19:56.740,0:20:05.440
Revolt which is which was from June to

0:20:01.179,0:20:08.950
July in 1846 and so remember how I said

0:20:05.440,0:20:10.600
earlier um California used to be part of

0:20:08.950,0:20:13.059
Mexico that’s why I like in California

0:20:10.600,0:20:17.950
there’s so many like city names and

0:20:13.059,0:20:21.639
places that are like in Spanish huh and

0:20:17.950,0:20:24.759
so again in California there are a lot

0:20:21.639,0:20:26.889
of us settlers not as many as there were

0:20:24.759,0:20:29.860
in Texas but they’re still like a good

0:20:26.889,0:20:32.529
amount of US settlers in California and

0:20:29.860,0:20:34.269
so this there’s a small group of these

0:20:32.529,0:20:36.159
settlers that actually rebelled against

0:20:34.269,0:20:39.399
the Mexican government and then they

0:20:36.159,0:20:43.269
proclaimed the state of California as an

0:20:39.399,0:20:44.799
independent republic and so they yeah so

0:20:43.269,0:20:47.080
they like me they called it like the

0:20:44.799,0:20:51.249
fair flag state and they had a whole

0:20:47.080,0:20:53.379
bear flag okay is that the one that we

0:20:51.249,0:20:57.759
still have today that’s the one we still

0:20:53.379,0:20:59.889
have today okay yeah so I also make

0:20:57.759,0:21:01.869
sense to you I would say Texas is the

0:20:59.889,0:21:03.129
first state that I would be like yeah

0:21:01.869,0:21:05.110
they’re definitely gonna be their own

0:21:03.129,0:21:05.950
country and then California is a close

0:21:05.110,0:21:09.100
second

0:21:05.950,0:21:11.529
mm-hmm yeah yeah yeah I was like okay

0:21:09.100,0:21:13.720
this makes a lot more sense like

0:21:11.529,0:21:17.110
everything is clicking into place yeah

0:21:13.720,0:21:18.820
like however so the Republic of Texas

0:21:17.110,0:21:22.720
lasted for about nine years

0:21:18.820,0:21:27.190
but the Bear Flag state only lasted

0:21:22.720,0:21:30.129
about like three weeks because it’s so

0:21:27.190,0:21:31.690
embarrassing it’s pretty rough so like

0:21:30.129,0:21:33.220
basically like they were both against

0:21:31.690,0:21:34.929
the Mexican government they raise their

0:21:33.220,0:21:37.570
flag and then like about three weeks

0:21:34.929,0:21:39.850
later like the US military starts

0:21:37.570,0:21:42.249
occupying California they were like oh

0:21:39.850,0:21:43.840
we didn’t realize you’re like you’re

0:21:42.249,0:21:45.999
like this whole war is happening and

0:21:43.840,0:21:46.539
you’re like trying to claim all this

0:21:45.999,0:21:50.019
territory

0:21:46.539,0:21:53.259
so yeah so California actually joins a

0:21:50.019,0:21:55.029
union in the year 1850 and yeah the Bear

0:21:53.259,0:22:03.690
Flag became the official state flag in

0:21:55.029,0:22:06.579
1911 Wow so after all these battles um

0:22:03.690,0:22:08.799
Santa Ana hee general Santa Anna in

0:22:06.579,0:22:11.799
Mexico he’s not getting a lot of support

0:22:08.799,0:22:14.889
because even though like he did help

0:22:11.799,0:22:18.099
strengthen the Mexican army like there’s

0:22:14.889,0:22:20.679
only so much you could do um or he could

0:22:18.099,0:22:23.919
do because the u.s. just had a lot

0:22:20.679,0:22:26.409
better I guess artillery and like

0:22:23.919,0:22:30.279
weapons and yeah they had more funding

0:22:26.409,0:22:33.849
and so general Santa Anna quickly loses

0:22:30.279,0:22:36.909
public support and so he resigns slash

0:22:33.849,0:22:38.709
is pretty much overthrown it’s so kind

0:22:36.909,0:22:41.319
of like yeah they pretty much kick him

0:22:38.709,0:22:43.119
out and he’s exiled again and he like he

0:22:41.319,0:22:45.219
lives all over the world in exile it’s

0:22:43.119,0:22:49.299
crazy you people should look into his

0:22:45.219,0:22:52.799
bio he he lived a wild life really did

0:22:49.299,0:22:55.209
he lived everywhere um and so after this

0:22:52.799,0:22:56.919
so the US has won all these battles and

0:22:55.209,0:22:58.719
at this point in time they’re pretty

0:22:56.919,0:23:01.719
much just waiting for a new government

0:22:58.719,0:23:04.419
that’s capable of negotiations like to

0:23:01.719,0:23:08.709
form into place so they pretty much won

0:23:04.419,0:23:12.129
so flash forward nice word why do I okay

0:23:08.709,0:23:14.769
fast forward to February 2nd 1848 the

0:23:12.129,0:23:18.369
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed

0:23:14.769,0:23:20.889
and so this treaty between the u.s. and

0:23:18.369,0:23:23.499
Mexico establishes the Rio Grande as a

0:23:20.889,0:23:24.729
US Mexican border which is the border

0:23:23.499,0:23:27.399
that select this today

0:23:24.729,0:23:29.919
and then Mexico officially recognizes

0:23:27.399,0:23:32.109
u.s. annexation of Texas and is like

0:23:29.919,0:23:34.479
okay you guys can keep it and then

0:23:32.109,0:23:38.889
Mexico additionally agrees to sell

0:23:34.479,0:23:41.499
California and the rest of its territory

0:23:38.889,0:23:45.819
north of the Rio Grande for fifteen

0:23:41.499,0:23:49.629
million dollars plus assumption of

0:23:45.819,0:23:53.109
certain damages claims and so how much

0:23:49.629,0:23:56.499
is that in today’s yeah I was gonna

0:23:53.109,0:24:00.540
that’s a lie 50 million in like the

0:23:56.499,0:24:03.179
1800s but yeah

0:24:00.540,0:24:07.470
yeah I can’t imagine that’s gotta be

0:24:03.179,0:24:14.540
like try double-digit billion maybe yeah

0:24:07.470,0:24:14.540
yeah um so I can’t really find

0:24:14.570,0:24:18.889
I can’t keep finding conflicting numbers

0:24:16.369,0:24:23.109
but basically it was a lot a lot of

0:24:18.889,0:24:26.389
money yeah good for Mexico make them pay

0:24:23.109,0:24:27.919
sounds like they got bullied right and I

0:24:26.389,0:24:30.799
was like actually kind of surprised that

0:24:27.919,0:24:32.659
like they still paid Mexico for the

0:24:30.799,0:24:33.649
territory I was like I kind of assumed

0:24:32.659,0:24:35.629
the worst and they were just gonna be

0:24:33.649,0:24:36.889
like well you law so it’s not just like

0:24:35.629,0:24:40.009
not ours now

0:24:36.889,0:24:42.440
yeah but this treaty so this treaty

0:24:40.009,0:24:44.539
actually added an additional five

0:24:42.440,0:24:49.549
hundred twenty five thousand square

0:24:44.539,0:24:51.949
miles to the US so it’s crazy so so okay

0:24:49.549,0:24:53.989
the aftermath of the war is insane

0:24:51.949,0:24:57.799
because Mexico loses about a third of

0:24:53.989,0:25:01.039
its territory so the u.s. gains

0:24:57.799,0:25:03.349
California Arizona New Mexico and then

0:25:01.039,0:25:06.379
parts of Utah Nevada Wyoming and

0:25:03.349,0:25:08.569
Colorado so again if you look at a map

0:25:06.379,0:25:10.969
before and after the mexican-american

0:25:08.569,0:25:15.679
war it’s crazy how much land was

0:25:10.969,0:25:18.259
acquired um and so even though President

0:25:15.679,0:25:20.539
Polk had won the war he actually lost

0:25:18.259,0:25:23.119
public support because the war had

0:25:20.539,0:25:25.489
lasted about like two years and it was

0:25:23.119,0:25:27.019
really bloody and like it costs the US a

0:25:25.489,0:25:28.369
lot of money and they were kind of like

0:25:27.019,0:25:30.440
we thought this was going to be like

0:25:28.369,0:25:33.649
less than a year but you kind of dragged

0:25:30.440,0:25:36.529
out and so yeah people are upset with

0:25:33.649,0:25:39.709
him and additionally this war reignited

0:25:36.529,0:25:42.319
the slavery debate and it ultimately

0:25:39.709,0:25:44.449
results in a civil war in the 1860s so

0:25:42.319,0:25:47.269
this was like a precursor to the civil

0:25:44.449,0:25:49.849
war because people started like I guess

0:25:47.269,0:25:52.129
yeah regretting this debate because all

0:25:49.849,0:25:54.139
these states a lot of them are going to

0:25:52.129,0:25:55.339
end up is people are arguing are they

0:25:54.139,0:25:56.809
going to be like slave states are they

0:25:55.339,0:26:00.339
gonna be free states and the whole

0:25:56.809,0:26:04.789
debate ensues and so yeah okay he’s not

0:26:00.339,0:26:07.819
doing well with the polls he doesn’t

0:26:04.789,0:26:10.159
seek reelection and he actually so

0:26:07.819,0:26:13.729
President Polk actually passes away in

0:26:10.159,0:26:15.889
June 18-49 pretty much right after he

0:26:13.729,0:26:20.539
leaves office and he’s 53 at the time

0:26:15.889,0:26:22.729
and so in the next election so if you’re

0:26:20.539,0:26:26.690
wondering who like who becomes president

0:26:22.729,0:26:28.110
after James Polk so remember a general

0:26:26.690,0:26:30.929
Zachary Taylor from early

0:26:28.110,0:26:32.669
so he had me he was the one who like led

0:26:30.929,0:26:34.409
all the US troops to fight against

0:26:32.669,0:26:37.620
Mexico and because of this he became

0:26:34.409,0:26:41.960
like a national hero so he actually wins

0:26:37.620,0:26:45.990
the next election however so so

0:26:41.960,0:26:48.600
president Zachary Taylor is in office

0:26:45.990,0:26:51.210
however he actually becomes severely ill

0:26:48.600,0:26:54.269
and he passes away sixteen months after

0:26:51.210,0:26:55.769
his inauguration Wow

0:26:54.269,0:26:59.760
yeah I was gonna say I’ve never heard of

0:26:55.769,0:27:02.130
Zachary Taylor I cuz he yeah he passed

0:26:59.760,0:27:06.059
away like really quickly after he

0:27:02.130,0:27:09.360
assumed office and so he is Millard

0:27:06.059,0:27:12.179
Fillmore and he assumes office after

0:27:09.360,0:27:14.279
that so that’s also never heard of

0:27:12.179,0:27:17.549
president

0:27:14.279,0:27:20.070
yikes yeah I just automatically assumed

0:27:17.549,0:27:24.110
I was like okay this is before the Civil

0:27:20.070,0:27:24.110
War so like Abraham Lincoln’s next

0:27:25.620,0:27:30.500
[Music]

0:27:27.529,0:27:34.049
favorite prezi

0:27:30.500,0:27:36.840
yeah so that’s pretty much the Mexican

0:27:34.049,0:27:39.000
American War one quick thing I did want

0:27:36.840,0:27:42.179
to talk about so it was recently a sink

0:27:39.000,0:27:45.059
was a mile and so there’s a lot of like

0:27:42.179,0:27:46.830
misconception about what like sinkhole

0:27:45.059,0:27:48.779
or they might actually celebrates so I

0:27:46.830,0:27:51.659
wanted to ask you if you know like what

0:27:48.779,0:27:54.330
the celebration behind Cinco de Mayo is

0:27:51.659,0:27:56.399
like why that’s a yeah I hope I get this

0:27:54.330,0:27:58.649
right because you know my best family

0:27:56.399,0:28:01.529
friends are Mexican American so I’m

0:27:58.649,0:28:06.419
pretty sure Cinco de Mayo is when the

0:28:01.529,0:28:07.769
the Mexican army had to okay but this is

0:28:06.419,0:28:09.929
probably completely wrong but I thought

0:28:07.769,0:28:12.779
the French army was trying to take over

0:28:09.929,0:28:15.299
Mexico and the Mexicans had like maybe

0:28:12.779,0:28:17.639
like a fifth of the size of like the

0:28:15.299,0:28:20.399
French army and like way less resources

0:28:17.639,0:28:21.269
but they somehow won and like we’re able

0:28:20.399,0:28:24.269
to sell

0:28:21.269,0:28:27.090
yeah keep you go yeah no you’re like

0:28:24.269,0:28:29.159
completely 100 percent correct yes all

0:28:27.090,0:28:30.990
right cool cool cuz a lot of people

0:28:29.159,0:28:33.779
think it’s like oh Mexico’s independence

0:28:30.990,0:28:35.639
day but it’s a holiday that celebrates

0:28:33.779,0:28:37.799
yeah the day that they won this battle

0:28:35.639,0:28:40.500
against the French army in the shrinko

0:28:37.799,0:28:41.940
Mexican War so nice like Mexico ends up

0:28:40.500,0:28:43.950
losing this war but this

0:28:41.940,0:28:46.889
it was like really significant because

0:28:43.950,0:28:49.200
like the odds were not in their favor

0:28:46.889,0:28:51.080
but they still want so definitely yeah I

0:28:49.200,0:28:52.740
know okay I’m so glad I got that right

0:28:51.080,0:28:56.159
dr. barrows

0:28:52.740,0:29:00.299
I love you guys yeah we love it so yeah

0:28:56.159,0:29:02.639
that’s amazing work nice thank you for

0:29:00.299,0:29:04.950
sharing today I think it even though

0:29:02.639,0:29:07.830
like it president and Pope lost the

0:29:04.950,0:29:09.570
favor in turn it is like good because it

0:29:07.830,0:29:13.289
sparks the slavery debate which was

0:29:09.570,0:29:16.289
necessary for moving forward 100% 100%

0:29:13.289,0:29:19.379
and yeah yeah again like these maps like

0:29:16.289,0:29:21.899
before and after the war like how much

0:29:19.379,0:29:25.710
the US grows is crazy

0:29:21.899,0:29:29.100
and yeah I mean I didn’t realize like I

0:29:25.710,0:29:31.559
knew we had that Mexico like lost a lot

0:29:29.100,0:29:33.559
of its territory to territory to the US

0:29:31.559,0:29:36.360
but yeah you look at these maps and it’s

0:29:33.559,0:29:38.250
so crazy to think about they Mexico

0:29:36.360,0:29:40.590
literally lost a third of its territory

0:29:38.250,0:29:43.340
in this war so yeah they really smell

0:29:40.590,0:29:46.159
like they got pushed around a bit so

0:29:43.340,0:29:48.450
synchrony Maya always a big deal that

0:29:46.159,0:29:51.169
we’re like we’re done with this thing

0:29:48.450,0:29:53.730
but it might happen after this

0:29:51.169,0:29:58.080
mexican-american war before yeah it’s

0:29:53.730,0:30:00.600
after so it’s in 1862 nice so yeah and

0:29:58.080,0:30:02.850
actually like see code a mile is not

0:30:00.600,0:30:04.649
really celebrated as much in Mexico

0:30:02.850,0:30:06.750
itself like my family that lives in

0:30:04.649,0:30:08.820
Mexico like they don’t really celebrate

0:30:06.750,0:30:11.250
it I think I’m like Pueblo where the

0:30:08.820,0:30:12.720
battle was fought I think like the

0:30:11.250,0:30:14.730
people living there celebrate it more

0:30:12.720,0:30:18.659
but it’s really like it some was an

0:30:14.730,0:30:20.639
American honestly I feel like we just

0:30:18.659,0:30:24.559
took it over so we could have coupons on

0:30:20.639,0:30:24.559
like taco is there something that day

0:30:26.490,0:30:38.789
[Music]

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