President McKinley Was Assassinated?

How Did America Become An Imperialist Power?| Spanish-American War Pt. 1 How Did We Not Know That

In the year 1898, the once-mighty Spanish empire crumbled within a matter of months. Who was there to pick up the pieces? None other than the young but ambitious nation of the United States of America. In the Season 3 opener, Nat presents the highly-anticipated episode on the Spanish-American War. Listen to how the former British colony acquired a few territories for itself and became a major player on the international stage. Thank you to all of our listeners for supporting us all the way to our third season!  Check out FSO Compass here: https://fsocompass.com/hdwnkt   Help us improve the quality of our podcast by contributing to our Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/HowDidWeNotKnowThat   Study Guides and Show Notes: http://www.hdwnkt.com #StopAsianHate Fundraiser Facebook Post: https://www.facebook.com/HDWNKT/ #StopAsianHate Educational Resources: https://anti-asianviolenceresources.carrd.co/ Paypal Link to Donate to Fundraiser (send to howdidwenotknowthat@gmail.com): https://www.paypal.com/myaccount/transfer/homepage — Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/hdwnkt/support
  1. How Did America Become An Imperialist Power?| Spanish-American War Pt. 1
  2. Who Are The Viet Minh?
  3. Minisode #14: What is Economics?
  4. Is It A Fight For Equality Or Ethnic Cleansing?
  5. Minisode #13: Liberalism

Nat covers the assassination of President William McKinley. 

Show Notes

Nat covers the assassination of President William McKinley. 

Sources:

https://www.history.com/news/the-assassination-of-president-william-mckinley

https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/presidents/william-mckinley

https://www.history.com/news/mckinley-assassination-created-the-secret-service

https://www.history.com/news/how-presidential-assassinations-changed-u-s-politics

Transcript

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hello everyone and welcome to the how

0:00:02.879,0:00:09.170
did we not know that podcast I’m one of

0:00:05.910,0:00:14.580
your hosts my name is Jac I’m NAT and

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this is gonna be our first episode we’re

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super excited to start ok ok not take it

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away tell us what you’re talking about

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today right so today’s episode I’m going

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to be covering the McKinley

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assassination president William McKinley

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alright ok I should not look in your

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notes because then I never I was like

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yeah ok I can see he’s the Tony further

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go ahead tell me about him so before we

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get into the whole assassination I gotta

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talk about how wait wait wait he was

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killer spoiler um unfortunately

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President McKinley dies at the end

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yeah if for those of you who didn’t know

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uh President William McKinley was

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assassinated

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so McKinley it was our 25th president he

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assumed office in 1897 and so at the

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time of his assassination he was in his

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second term of office and he was pretty

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well liked by the public he was a member

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of the Republican Party and so he had

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like raised protective tariffs to

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promote American industry he like was he

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was a president who led us into the

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spanish-american war and he was actually

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one of like the most popular chief

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executives like at the time and then

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additionally like he really liked

0:01:37.290,0:01:41.509
meeting with the American people like he

0:01:38.880,0:01:45.450
took every opportunity he could to meet

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American citizens and yeah so Q overall

0:01:45.450,0:01:52.409
he was a pretty good dude like he had a

0:01:46.860,0:01:53.729
good rip so we’re gonna flash pass

0:01:52.409,0:01:56.399
forward yeah

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all right to the pan-american exposition

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so there we a question on the

0:01:59.460,0:02:05.579
spanish-american war yeah I also like

0:02:02.460,0:02:11.160
know ya know what that was about how did

0:02:05.579,0:02:12.629
we not notice Oh topic because yeah I

0:02:11.160,0:02:14.160
was thinking about that I was like okay

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I feel like

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yeah or spoiler alert for that we also

0:02:18.640,0:02:23.590
win the spanish-american war I assumed I

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assume because that’s why we haven’t

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heard about it but yeah so so yeah we

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have this Pan American Expo it was like

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a seventh month long World’s Fair and it

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was called in Buffalo New York in 1901

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and yeah so it’s like a seventh month

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falling thing which I thought it was

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like really crazy for like one event to

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be held seven months long but like if

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they had like at these world Fair’s I

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had like zoos and like whole like

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feeders and like grounds being built for

0:02:56.680,0:03:03.400
it so it’s like a huge deal um I also

0:02:59.860,0:03:05.170
like actually no that’s a lie I like so

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I’m from Chicago and we always learn

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about like the Chicago World’s Fair and

0:03:07.120,0:03:10.540
like it’s always like a big deal but I

0:03:08.830,0:03:12.370
thought there’s only one World Fair but

0:03:10.540,0:03:15.640
apparently there’s like a bunch of them

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anyway McKinley attends its World Fair

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Expo for two days in September so he

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gets out on September 5th and like he

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gives a speech to this crowd of 116,000

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people is huge and then later that night

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like there’s a huge fireworks displays

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for him and it features I quote a burst

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of pyrotechnics that spelled out the

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words welcome President McKinley chief

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of our nation and our Empire

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uncle Apple I that’s so much in like

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1900 I feel like I was expensive I was

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thinking too and I was like how did they

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like I don’t know much about like

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fireworks and pyrotechnics but like that

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must have been like a huge or you yeah I

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don’t think I ever see words out of

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fireworks yeah yeah I don’t know the

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specifics of it I gotta like looking but

0:04:04.060,0:04:06.970
anyway like you could tell that people

0:04:05.170,0:04:09.239
are so stoked for him to be there and

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then so September 6 so the next day I

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McKinley President McKinley he’s having

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this basically like a meet and greet

0:04:12.850,0:04:18.130
reception at the tempo Music Theatre um

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and so like all these people can come

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and like literally shake hands with the

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president so because of this like it

0:04:23.110,0:04:26.949
does not sound very safe and so actually

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like before this event

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McKinley staff members really super

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worried about his safety because just

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like there are so many people coming in

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like they don’t I don’t think I really

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had like a screening process for the

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people like obviously you don’t have

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like metal detectors or anything so

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they’re just coming up and like shaking

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his hand

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so McKinley’s personal secretary had

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actually tried to cancel this

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meet-and-greet twice but President

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McKinley insisted that he attended it

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because like he just loved meeting the

0:04:53.770,0:04:59.289
American people face to face and like

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shaking hands with everyone um but this

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staff had also added extra police and

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soldiers on top of his normal like

0:05:04.840,0:05:14.830
Secret Service detail so to set the

0:05:08.590,0:05:16.930
scene it’s a hot late summer heat day in

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Buffalo New York there’s a huge line of

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people waiting for this reception

0:05:19.030,0:05:24.220
standing outside the temple music

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theater and at the front of the sign is

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a man named Leon Chou gosh which I hope

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I’m pronouncing it right I like licked

0:05:30.190,0:05:35.380
it up yeah I like car interior orden is

0:05:33.159,0:05:39.099
that yeah so he’s actually a Polish

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immigrant um so yeah I believe it’s

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France ciao gosh we’re gonna call him

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Leon from now on okay guys um me sad is

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this a guy who kills him is this sounds

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like a murderer yeah yeah Leon’s not

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he’s not a good guy so let me tell you a

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little bit more about Leon so he’s 28

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years old he’s really young he’s also a

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self-proclaimed anarchist he’s described

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by others as shy and brooding I’m not

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sure who said that but yeah and so he’s

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a Polish immigrant and he was a former

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former steel worker later hit though he

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was unemployed so that kind that kind of

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caused him like grievances um about the

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whole government and so Leon had

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actually arrived in Buffalo a few days

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prior to the September 6 meet-and-greet

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and there he bought a 32 caliber Iver

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Johnson revolver and he was actually

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stalking President McKinley for like a

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few days

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so actually he had tried to shoot

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President McKinley twice before

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September 6 the first time was when

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McKinley it had arrived at the train

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station so if you had just gotten there

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and he was like all ready to go but it

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kind of fell through and then also

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during that September 5th speech I

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mentioned with a huge crowd of people

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Leon had also attended and he was like

0:07:02.170,0:07:08.470
planning on shooting the president thing

0:07:04.090,0:07:10.870
but he did not how did it through like

0:07:08.470,0:07:14.290
it was he did he like fire shots or he

0:07:10.870,0:07:16.570
just decided not to like no shots being

0:07:14.290,0:07:19.240
fired I guess he just decided not to I

0:07:16.570,0:07:20.860
don’t know the specifics maybe you like

0:07:19.240,0:07:23.230
there wasn’t like a clear getaway or

0:07:20.860,0:07:26.320
maybe he didn’t have like the clear shot

0:07:23.230,0:07:28.150
but yeah specifics but either way like

0:07:26.320,0:07:32.830
it fell through but he was pretty

0:07:28.150,0:07:34.810
determined um so here we have Leon he’s

0:07:32.830,0:07:36.730
waiting in line he has a gun wrapped in

0:07:34.810,0:07:41.620
his handkerchief and it’s hidden in his

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jacket pocket and then at 4:07 p.m. Leon

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approaches President McKinley McKinley

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goes to extend his hand for a handshake

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and then Leon fought fires twice point

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Lake at President McKinley stomach what

0:07:52.120,0:08:03.670
is Point Blank I mean it’s like yeah

0:08:02.470,0:08:05.170
isn’t it just like when you’re like

0:08:03.670,0:08:07.300
directly in front of someone or like you

0:08:05.170,0:08:12.430
have like a good shot bro I don’t know I

0:08:07.300,0:08:13.600
don’t know check it I feel like I hear

0:08:12.430,0:08:17.440
that word all the time I should probably

0:08:13.600,0:08:19.710
know it yeah I think he not know that

0:08:17.440,0:08:23.980
let me look at him right now I feel like

0:08:19.710,0:08:25.750
I feel like you just read that right

0:08:23.980,0:08:26.980
like I feel like they said that and

0:08:25.750,0:08:29.710
you’re like yeah they shot him

0:08:26.980,0:08:31.780
point-blank no oh yeah it’s like

0:08:29.710,0:08:33.910
touching you yeah what do you like on

0:08:31.780,0:08:35.740
your okay it’s pretty close yeah also

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like a disclaimer like pretty much all

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my sources are like history calm so it’s

0:08:39.040,0:08:48.450
a great website um so the New York Times

0:08:46.180,0:08:51.700
I’m in their report of his assassination

0:08:48.450,0:08:53.710
so here’s a quote from it they say there

0:08:51.700,0:08:54.430
was an instant of almost complete

0:08:53.710,0:08:56.020
silence

0:08:54.430,0:08:58.960
the hush that follows a clap of thunder

0:08:56.020,0:09:01.240
the president stood Stockstill a look of

0:08:58.960,0:09:03.730
hesitancy almost of bewilderment on his

0:09:01.240,0:09:05.649
face then he retreated a step while a

0:09:03.730,0:09:08.200
pillar began to steal over his features

0:09:05.649,0:09:09.580
the multitude seemed only partially

0:09:08.200,0:09:10.750
aware that something serious had

0:09:09.580,0:09:12.760
happened end quote

0:09:10.750,0:09:14.440
so it was like super dramatic like

0:09:12.760,0:09:16.529
there’s like the whole room is just like

0:09:14.440,0:09:18.779
those completely silent

0:09:16.529,0:09:20.970
um but like everyone there’s like kind

0:09:18.779,0:09:23.100
of confused as to like what happened so

0:09:20.970,0:09:26.670
in this moment like right after McKinley

0:09:23.100,0:09:30.779
a shot oh so after like Leon fires the

0:09:26.670,0:09:33.420
first two times a man named James aka

0:09:30.779,0:09:35.309
Big Jim Parker who was a tall

0:09:33.420,0:09:38.009
african-american man who had been

0:09:35.309,0:09:40.379
waiting in line behind Leon he comes in

0:09:38.009,0:09:43.860
and punches Leon and preventing him from

0:09:40.379,0:09:47.189
firing a third time so yeah it was like

0:09:43.860,0:09:49.319
crazy and then so after James punches

0:09:47.189,0:09:51.269
Leon then like obviously all the

0:09:49.319,0:09:53.339
soldiers and the Secret Service and

0:09:51.269,0:09:55.110
other police members like swarm in on

0:09:53.339,0:09:56.600
Leon and like kind of attack him and

0:09:55.110,0:10:00.689
they’re kind of like beating him up and

0:09:56.600,0:10:02.759
like they only stop until the only stop

0:10:00.689,0:10:04.920
when President McKinley like orders them

0:10:02.759,0:10:07.170
they’re like hey like even though he’s

0:10:04.920,0:10:10.019
just been shot twice he’s like hey he’s

0:10:07.170,0:10:12.059
still able to be like stop hi so he’s

0:10:10.019,0:10:14.279
like he’s like oh like stopping him up

0:10:12.059,0:10:18.389
and then they like remove him from the

0:10:14.279,0:10:21.509
room until after McKinley a shot he is

0:10:18.389,0:10:24.360
taken to the expose hospital where

0:10:21.509,0:10:29.069
unfortunately the only doctor on call is

0:10:24.360,0:10:31.290
a gynecologist um so the first bullet

0:10:29.069,0:10:34.949
had actually like ricocheted off of

0:10:31.290,0:10:39.620
President McKinley suit button and it so

0:10:34.949,0:10:47.910
like it wasn’t which that’s so lucky

0:10:39.620,0:10:49.309
buttons made yeah um so yeah the first

0:10:47.910,0:10:54.389
one I had only caused minor damage

0:10:49.309,0:10:59.000
however the second bullet by an that

0:10:54.389,0:10:59.000
designers like I have save the president

0:10:59.629,0:11:04.170
well it strikes his abdomen and then it

0:11:02.699,0:11:08.069
passes clean through his stomach

0:11:04.170,0:11:11.429
Wow it’s a pretty fatal wound obviously

0:11:08.069,0:11:13.769
but um the doctor was able to suture his

0:11:11.429,0:11:14.160
stomach wound and proven stopped the

0:11:13.769,0:11:16.620
bleeding

0:11:14.160,0:11:18.929
however he couldn’t locate the bullet so

0:11:16.620,0:11:21.059
like the bullet is still in there and

0:11:18.929,0:11:22.790
like you said all like sewed up and

0:11:21.059,0:11:25.350
everything Wow

0:11:22.790,0:11:27.540
however so the few days following a

0:11:25.350,0:11:29.840
shooting McKinley seems to be getting

0:11:27.540,0:11:32.330
better on the newspapers our report

0:11:29.840,0:11:33.500
that he’s awake and he’s alert and he’s

0:11:32.330,0:11:34.940
reading the newspaper and like

0:11:33.500,0:11:36.410
everyone’s like oh like actually he’s

0:11:34.940,0:11:38.780
gonna be fine like don’t worry about it

0:11:36.410,0:11:40.870
and people were so confident that he was

0:11:38.780,0:11:43.640
going to survive that

0:11:40.870,0:11:46.220
McKinley vice president at the time do

0:11:43.640,0:11:50.840
you know his vice president is know if

0:11:46.220,0:11:55.190
it’s Theodore Roosevelt ha what how did

0:11:50.840,0:11:57.320
I not know that oh boy okay I feel

0:11:55.190,0:11:59.870
really dumb actually Teddy is like one

0:11:57.320,0:12:02.240
of my favorite presidents he had no idea

0:11:59.870,0:12:05.240
that like he that’s how he came into

0:12:02.240,0:12:08.270
office right he was deeply yeah he just

0:12:05.240,0:12:09.920
seems a real toilet but yeah so I was

0:12:08.270,0:12:21.500
reading I was like oh my god that’s a

0:12:09.920,0:12:24.890
guy from um Night at the Museum so yeah

0:12:21.500,0:12:26.750
so uh Vice President Roosevelt he went

0:12:24.890,0:12:28.580
on a camping trip in the Adirondacks cuz

0:12:26.750,0:12:32.600
he was like nah he’s gonna be fine like

0:12:28.580,0:12:34.490
Wow Oh Teddy Teddy went on a camping

0:12:32.600,0:12:36.490
trip so they’re like obviously like

0:12:34.490,0:12:41.540
they’re like not like super worried um

0:12:36.490,0:12:44.180
however by September 13th so he was so

0:12:41.540,0:12:47.410
McKinley was shot September 6 right yeah

0:12:44.180,0:12:50.180
her 13th his condition had worsened

0:12:47.410,0:12:51.920
significantly he had gangrene on the

0:12:50.180,0:12:53.660
walls of his stomach he had a severe

0:12:51.920,0:12:56.750
case of blood poisoning and he was

0:12:53.660,0:12:58.400
losing consciousness and on September

0:12:56.750,0:13:00.800
14th at 2:15 a.m.

0:12:58.400,0:13:03.770
President McKinley passes away with his

0:13:00.800,0:13:07.040
wife Ida by his side and he was 58 years

0:13:03.770,0:13:09.890
old at the time of his death that might

0:13:07.040,0:13:12.350
be why like you don’t hear about it as

0:13:09.890,0:13:14.660
an assassination cuz like he survived

0:13:12.350,0:13:16.850
the shot which I think I’m surprised he

0:13:14.660,0:13:20.270
didn’t bleed out and it was like the

0:13:16.850,0:13:22.130
infection later that killed him and like

0:13:20.270,0:13:23.870
that’s why I was super confused when I

0:13:22.130,0:13:26.210
was originally doing my research because

0:13:23.870,0:13:27.680
like I googled like assassination and I

0:13:26.210,0:13:30.770
kept getting two dates it was like

0:13:27.680,0:13:32.540
September 6 and then September 14th and

0:13:30.770,0:13:34.280
I was like which one is the right date

0:13:32.540,0:13:37.910
was it because he’s not on but he

0:13:34.280,0:13:41.330
doesn’t actually die until the 14th so

0:13:37.910,0:13:43.020
yeah so another reason why I don’t I

0:13:41.330,0:13:47.420
remember the

0:13:43.020,0:13:50.400
this assassination story is because like

0:13:47.420,0:13:52.230
his successor is Theodore Roosevelt and

0:13:50.400,0:13:53.850
like everyone talks about him and so I

0:13:52.230,0:13:59.490
feel like kind of McKinley kind of got

0:13:53.850,0:14:02.130
overshadowed ah yeah is that wait Teddy

0:13:59.490,0:14:03.900
became president because McKinley was

0:14:02.130,0:14:05.880
assassinated

0:14:03.900,0:14:08.970
I’m pretty sure he gets elected again

0:14:05.880,0:14:16.860
like Oh like he gets another term okay

0:14:08.970,0:14:20.730
what is okay yeah I think Teddy did such

0:14:16.860,0:14:27.420
a good job yeah that remembers Theodore

0:14:20.730,0:14:30.480
Roosevelt but like is Teddy on the who’s

0:14:27.420,0:14:33.120
on Mount Rushmore Oh God

0:14:30.480,0:14:36.210
like Georgia so he thinks you don’t know

0:14:33.120,0:14:39.990
when I look at it yeah that’s a great

0:14:36.210,0:14:42.660
question yeah it’s Abraham yeah I think

0:14:39.990,0:14:45.420
Teddy’s on plan is he really do you have

0:14:42.660,0:14:47.970
a list yeah he literally is okay yeah

0:14:45.420,0:14:49.530
okay if you died doesn’t matter how

0:14:47.970,0:14:51.690
great you are like you didn’t get put on

0:14:49.530,0:14:54.390
Mount Rushmore and so like it makes

0:14:51.690,0:14:56.900
sense you were overshadowed you didn’t

0:14:54.390,0:14:58.890
make it the Mount Rushmore nobody yeah

0:14:56.900,0:15:01.110
no one’s gonna remember you

0:14:58.890,0:15:03.720
yeah it’s George Washington Thomas

0:15:01.110,0:15:07.970
Jefferson Teddy Roosevelt and Abraham

0:15:03.720,0:15:10.350
was Thomas Jefferson President

0:15:07.970,0:15:14.100
yes and what guess he was because in

0:15:10.350,0:15:17.220
Hamilton it’s like Aaron burrs versus

0:15:14.100,0:15:19.560
Thomas Jefferson and then Hamilton goes

0:15:17.220,0:15:22.110
Jefferson has my vote and then that’s

0:15:19.560,0:15:24.630
why Aaron birch shoots Alexander

0:15:22.110,0:15:26.640
Hamilton because like in a rage the

0:15:24.630,0:15:28.530
angle something so maybe that’s why I

0:15:26.640,0:15:30.660
know absolutely nothing about u.s.

0:15:28.530,0:15:33.590
history no it’s okay Hamilton helped a

0:15:30.660,0:15:36.330
lot like a lot a lot a lot with

0:15:33.590,0:15:38.100
understanding the founding fathers yeah

0:15:36.330,0:15:40.830
I need to just listen to the soundtrack

0:15:38.100,0:15:42.330
and just memorize all the lines yeah

0:15:40.830,0:15:44.100
that would help that’s because they

0:15:42.330,0:15:47.340
literally and they say the dates to

0:15:44.100,0:15:49.950
they’ll be like 1789 and then they’ll go

0:15:47.340,0:15:51.450
it’s really educational that’s my

0:15:49.950,0:15:56.010
homework for tonight is just memorize

0:15:51.450,0:15:57.870
the whole oh this is this is actually

0:15:56.010,0:16:03.930
I’ve never it’s in South Dakota

0:15:57.870,0:16:06.470
yeah yeah yeah that’s right

0:16:03.930,0:16:06.470
okay

0:16:10.700,0:16:19.740
speaking of South Dakota North King this

0:16:13.530,0:16:22.500
is normally Leon sentencing okay Leon

0:16:19.740,0:16:24.089
his trial begins September 23rd and

0:16:22.500,0:16:28.130
during this trial

0:16:24.089,0:16:30.720
um Leon says that his motive and

0:16:28.130,0:16:32.910
shooting the president was to contribute

0:16:30.720,0:16:36.030
to the anarchist cause and so I have two

0:16:32.910,0:16:38.460
quotes from Leon so the first one is I

0:16:36.030,0:16:39.930
don’t believe in the Republican form of

0:16:38.460,0:16:42.120
government and I don’t believe we should

0:16:39.930,0:16:44.160
have any rulers it is right to kill them

0:16:42.120,0:16:46.050
and quote and then they got a second

0:16:44.160,0:16:47.880
quote from him it says it was in my

0:16:46.050,0:16:49.440
heart there was no escape for me all

0:16:47.880,0:16:51.540
those people seemed bowing to the great

0:16:49.440,0:16:56.120
ruler I made up my mind to kill that

0:16:51.540,0:17:00.270
ruler and quote so yeah he was not happy

0:16:56.120,0:17:03.300
yeah and so he actually acted alone in

0:17:00.270,0:17:06.270
this assassination and there’s also

0:17:03.300,0:17:08.550
quite a lot of evidence saying that he

0:17:06.270,0:17:11.939
was more mentally ill rather than

0:17:08.550,0:17:15.270
politically motivated so that’s another

0:17:11.939,0:17:18.150
issue and then three days after his

0:17:15.270,0:17:21.150
trial begins Leon is found guilty and

0:17:18.150,0:17:23.850
sentenced to death and so on October 29

0:17:21.150,0:17:26.790
19:01 man is executed by electric chair

0:17:23.850,0:17:29.550
at new york’s auburn prison and right

0:17:26.790,0:17:31.350
before his death leon is quoted to say i

0:17:29.550,0:17:33.690
killed the president for the good of the

0:17:31.350,0:17:37.560
laboring people the good people i am not

0:17:33.690,0:17:40.580
sorry for my crimes and quote so i what

0:17:37.560,0:17:44.100
was the data on that what day October

0:17:40.580,0:17:47.180
1901 sits the same year Wow okay on

0:17:44.100,0:17:51.360
after he shoots the president and then

0:17:47.180,0:17:53.490
which like I feel well obviously like

0:17:51.360,0:17:55.110
this is different than other like death

0:17:53.490,0:17:56.850
row cases but I feel like people who are

0:17:55.110,0:17:58.590
put on like sentence to death like it

0:17:56.850,0:18:00.360
normally takes like years for it to

0:17:58.590,0:18:02.850
actually be processed but also this was

0:18:00.360,0:18:05.250
in like the it was 1901 so maybe just

0:18:02.850,0:18:08.130
the judicial system was a bit prison

0:18:05.250,0:18:10.860
system was a bit different but yeah um

0:18:08.130,0:18:13.290
and they actually I found a video on

0:18:10.860,0:18:15.630
YouTube I forgot who I’d filmed it at

0:18:13.290,0:18:18.140
the time but like some film company had

0:18:15.630,0:18:21.210
like produced a reenactment of his like

0:18:18.140,0:18:22.860
execution like in the electric chair and

0:18:21.210,0:18:24.780
I didn’t watch it but like obviously

0:18:22.860,0:18:26.820
it’s like old time you film and it’s

0:18:24.780,0:18:31.170
like someone in the chair I’m like okay

0:18:26.820,0:18:33.690
oh man it’s like so obviously McKinley

0:18:31.170,0:18:35.790
President McKinley’s assassination shook

0:18:33.690,0:18:39.090
the whole entire country and like had so

0:18:35.790,0:18:42.540
many impacts on the whole country and so

0:18:39.090,0:18:46.980
in like specifically to the anarchist

0:18:42.540,0:18:48.630
movement um Leon so Leon was part of the

0:18:46.980,0:18:49.260
anarchist movement even though he acted

0:18:48.630,0:18:51.240
alone

0:18:49.260,0:18:53.670
the assassination led to multiple

0:18:51.240,0:18:57.060
arrests of other political radicals on

0:18:53.670,0:19:00.060
one of these is a woman by the name of

0:18:57.060,0:19:03.540
Emma Goldman who was an anarchist who

0:19:00.060,0:19:06.090
speeches Leon had cited frequently and

0:19:03.540,0:19:09.030
so a lot of people are arrested in the

0:19:06.090,0:19:11.310
name of like stopping preventing like

0:19:09.030,0:19:15.540
the future growth of the anarchist

0:19:11.310,0:19:17.880
movement and this detail I really didn’t

0:19:15.540,0:19:20.520
know a lot about but McKinley’s

0:19:17.880,0:19:23.610
assassination had a huge impact on the

0:19:20.520,0:19:26.940
Secret Service so before President

0:19:23.610,0:19:29.310
McKinley’s assassination um pretty for

0:19:26.940,0:19:31.200
the president was SuperDuper chill so

0:19:29.310,0:19:34.020
the Secret Service was actually so it’s

0:19:31.200,0:19:34.970
created in 1865 as a branch of the

0:19:34.020,0:19:37.520
Treasury Department

0:19:34.970,0:19:40.429
and it was created in order to

0:19:37.520,0:19:44.299
investigate counterfeit currency and it

0:19:40.429,0:19:47.240
wasn’t until 1894 when President Grover

0:19:44.299,0:19:48.950
Cleveland um started having the agents

0:19:47.240,0:19:52.880
like work as a security detail on a

0:19:48.950,0:19:54.980
part-time basis however President

0:19:52.880,0:19:58.280
McKinley was the third president to be

0:19:54.980,0:20:00.470
assassinated over 36 year period so this

0:19:58.280,0:20:06.169
is including Lincoln Abraham Lincoln and

0:20:00.470,0:20:10.059
then James Garfield Garfield was shot

0:20:06.169,0:20:12.380
white it was also shot and assassinated

0:20:10.059,0:20:14.990
maybe that’s another future episode

0:20:12.380,0:20:16.760
Alissa’s yeah we should just yeah yeah I

0:20:14.990,0:20:20.059
oughta they know nothing about James

0:20:16.760,0:20:23.059
Garfield like yeah yeah I have no idea

0:20:20.059,0:20:25.010
um so yeah so he was unfortunately

0:20:23.059,0:20:26.659
assassinated as well and then so there

0:20:25.010,0:20:28.730
are four presidents in total who have

0:20:26.659,0:20:33.320
been assassinated so Lincoln Garfield

0:20:28.730,0:20:35.900
McKinley and then John F Kennedy um Wow

0:20:33.320,0:20:39.650
I in my head I was I you know you always

0:20:35.900,0:20:44.450
know like weekend JFK but I think it was

0:20:39.650,0:20:46.700
the first one yeah yeah um so I guess

0:20:44.450,0:20:53.299
yeah I’m not sure why the other two guys

0:20:46.700,0:20:59.900
kind of I think hmm I don’t know I feel

0:20:53.299,0:21:02.780
like who’s your favorite president yeah

0:20:59.900,0:21:05.330
I feel like my uh I think it’s Lincoln

0:21:02.780,0:21:07.520
two for me and like I asked my dad this

0:21:05.330,0:21:09.799
and he was like who else the greatest

0:21:07.520,0:21:12.650
president who ever lived Abraham Lincoln

0:21:09.799,0:21:13.970
and honestly like the more we study

0:21:12.650,0:21:16.789
about history I know we’re just getting

0:21:13.970,0:21:20.630
into it but like Abraham Lincoln did a

0:21:16.789,0:21:22.909
lot a lot a lot a lot uh and like I

0:21:20.630,0:21:24.289
think yeah you know like in school like

0:21:22.909,0:21:25.690
we always learned about Lincoln I was

0:21:24.289,0:21:27.770
like oh my gosh why are you like

0:21:25.690,0:21:29.360
focusing on him so much but then you

0:21:27.770,0:21:31.010
wish you could hurt other presidents

0:21:29.360,0:21:34.640
like he changed the country like so much

0:21:31.010,0:21:36.770
yeah and he led through the Civil War

0:21:34.640,0:21:39.140
which I didn’t understand this too I

0:21:36.770,0:21:43.429
started to look at coronavirus stats for

0:21:39.140,0:21:45.950
like deaths and the Civil War was like

0:21:43.429,0:21:48.320
we lost I think the most Americans in

0:21:45.950,0:21:49.970
the Civil War there’s like Vietnam War

0:21:48.320,0:21:51.380
I think we’re coronavirus cases are like

0:21:49.970,0:21:53.299
more than the people the Americans who

0:21:51.380,0:21:55.399
have died in the Vietnam War and then

0:21:53.299,0:21:57.019
there’s like the next ones like one of

0:21:55.399,0:22:01.570
the world wars I think and then the most

0:21:57.019,0:22:04.340
I’m pretty sure is the Civil War so

0:22:01.570,0:22:06.409
today like we have a lot of people dying

0:22:04.340,0:22:08.899
and remember the population was not as

0:22:06.409,0:22:11.870
big when the Civil War is going on so if

0:22:08.899,0:22:14.240
that many people died and Abraham

0:22:11.870,0:22:16.789
Lincoln was like we are having this like

0:22:14.240,0:22:20.149
no we cannot have like slavery needs to

0:22:16.789,0:22:22.159
end like this is like he had to go

0:22:20.149,0:22:23.960
through so much to like the country

0:22:22.159,0:22:26.360
through that I can’t even imagine I

0:22:23.960,0:22:28.250
don’t think any me too and he like did

0:22:26.360,0:22:28.850
that he did what he believed like was

0:22:28.250,0:22:31.840
right

0:22:28.850,0:22:36.470
despite it’s a half of the country like

0:22:31.840,0:22:38.750
going to war yeah it’s insane and he was

0:22:36.470,0:22:40.370
really inspiring hey we would also love

0:22:38.750,0:22:41.690
Lincoln although I think he was like

0:22:40.370,0:22:43.009
actually born in like Maryland or

0:22:41.690,0:22:44.899
something but like he grew up in

0:22:43.009,0:22:49.519
Illinois I don’t know we have like a

0:22:44.899,0:22:54.110
bunch of stuff yeah again um yeah I know

0:22:49.519,0:22:56.960
I’m he’s good I’m a big fan President

0:22:54.110,0:22:59.139
McKinley because okay I think McKinley’s

0:22:56.960,0:23:06.049
from Ohio I’m pretty sure there’s like a

0:22:59.139,0:23:07.789
yeah I think um ya know Canton Ohio I’m

0:23:06.049,0:23:10.700
pretty sure cuz it was a field trip when

0:23:07.789,0:23:12.529
I was in like middle school as we went

0:23:10.700,0:23:15.379
to his memorial and I was like oh we had

0:23:12.529,0:23:18.649
a president but I had no idea like his

0:23:15.379,0:23:20.090
significance but he did I feel like

0:23:18.649,0:23:21.399
there’s been a lot of presidents from

0:23:20.090,0:23:25.100
Ohio

0:23:21.399,0:23:29.629
there are astronauts a lot of presidents

0:23:25.100,0:23:31.190
John Glenn um yeah so yeah so we should

0:23:29.629,0:23:34.490
okay we should definitely remember

0:23:31.190,0:23:36.590
McKinley um because he also like his

0:23:34.490,0:23:39.320
assassination obviously had this huge

0:23:36.590,0:23:40.580
impact on creating like the modern what

0:23:39.320,0:23:43.879
we know is like the modern Secret

0:23:40.580,0:23:46.759
Service so a little bit more about that

0:23:43.879,0:23:49.360
so at the time the US was just starting

0:23:46.759,0:23:51.379
to emerge as an imperial power and

0:23:49.360,0:23:53.059
national leaders all around the world

0:23:51.379,0:23:55.940
we’re starting to become more concerned

0:23:53.059,0:23:58.429
about threats from not only inside their

0:23:55.940,0:24:00.289
own country but outside as well so this

0:23:58.429,0:24:01.730
is when like you know like foreigners

0:24:00.289,0:24:04.970
like

0:24:01.730,0:24:07.370
before this is not sure but like I guess

0:24:04.970,0:24:08.600
in terms of like American like American

0:24:07.370,0:24:11.990
president seems like maybe they weren’t

0:24:08.600,0:24:14.230
as concerned about like threats from

0:24:11.990,0:24:18.230
foreign nationals so I guess after

0:24:14.230,0:24:20.900
McKinley because even though Leon was an

0:24:18.230,0:24:22.760
American citizen like he was he had a

0:24:20.900,0:24:24.050
foreign sounding sounding name and he

0:24:22.760,0:24:25.880
had immigrated from Poland so like

0:24:24.050,0:24:28.370
people started to become really worried

0:24:25.880,0:24:31.910
about threats from outside of the US um

0:24:28.370,0:24:34.250
and then also anarchy at this time was a

0:24:31.910,0:24:37.160
huge threat or at least was perceived to

0:24:34.250,0:24:38.750
be as a huge threat um Theodore

0:24:37.160,0:24:41.150
Roosevelt was actually quoted to say

0:24:38.750,0:24:43.550
when compared with the suppression of

0:24:41.150,0:24:46.670
Anarchy every other question sinks into

0:24:43.550,0:24:48.050
insignificance unquote so like at the

0:24:46.670,0:24:49.570
time like everyone was really freaking

0:24:48.050,0:24:52.640
out about anarchists and like

0:24:49.570,0:24:54.070
overthrowing the country so after

0:24:52.640,0:24:56.600
President McKinley’s assassination

0:24:54.070,0:24:59.150
Congress assigned full protection of

0:24:56.600,0:25:01.070
acting presidents and the Secret Service

0:24:59.150,0:25:04.060
became the president’s permanent and

0:25:01.070,0:25:06.620
dedicated security detail so that’s why

0:25:04.060,0:25:08.960
we have the Secret Service today and

0:25:06.620,0:25:10.460
that’s why it looks like that and I’m

0:25:08.960,0:25:12.470
okay great question

0:25:10.460,0:25:15.350
so Anarchy is that just a belief that

0:25:12.470,0:25:17.930
there shouldn’t be like essential there

0:25:15.350,0:25:19.220
should be a government okay they just

0:25:17.930,0:25:21.470
want no government they want it to be

0:25:19.220,0:25:25.250
like you just do whatever you want just

0:25:21.470,0:25:28.300
so no laws yeah literally like no laws

0:25:25.250,0:25:30.080
no currency no government just okay

0:25:28.300,0:25:33.260
interesting

0:25:30.080,0:25:33.950
yeah so fact check cuz we said he’s from

0:25:33.260,0:25:35.540
Canton

0:25:33.950,0:25:38.120
yeah William McKinley is actually I just

0:25:35.540,0:25:44.360
checked it he’s from Niles Ohio but his

0:25:38.120,0:25:46.370
memorial is in Canton 99% sure yeah okay

0:25:44.360,0:25:50.210
also I was reading about like so he was

0:25:46.370,0:25:52.070
like at first buried in Ohio I want to

0:25:50.210,0:25:53.780
say probably Canton but he was buried in

0:25:52.070,0:25:56.060
Ohio and then like later they had like

0:25:53.780,0:26:00.080
moved his remains I think it’s like DC

0:25:56.060,0:26:03.650
like or somewhere but yeah there’s a

0:26:00.080,0:26:08.540
Morial memorial yeah in Canton and yeah

0:26:03.650,0:26:11.060
and so um after President McKinley’s

0:26:08.540,0:26:12.780
death Vice President Theodore Roosevelt

0:26:11.060,0:26:18.330
assumes the role

0:26:12.780,0:26:21.180
president and good she comes like there

0:26:18.330,0:26:23.250
well not I feel bad cuz like we did talk

0:26:21.180,0:26:24.720
about like you’re gonna be my greatest

0:26:23.250,0:26:27.060
resident were in literally trying to

0:26:24.720,0:26:28.230
push something like William McKinley I’m

0:26:27.060,0:26:37.890
like you know he’s awesome

0:26:28.230,0:26:40.470
Abraham Lincoln’s Lincoln so much and

0:26:37.890,0:26:43.860
like Teddy was so great he’s omnipresent

0:26:40.470,0:26:47.480
we’re like oh my gosh like he was a

0:26:43.860,0:26:54.710
Night at the Museum I didn’t see him

0:26:47.480,0:26:58.110
that’s true yeah Teddy date Sacagawea in

0:26:54.710,0:26:58.650
which which is not true that did not

0:26:58.110,0:27:02.580
happen

0:26:58.650,0:27:05.660
I always thought like she was so isn’t

0:27:02.580,0:27:05.660
she like a lot younger

0:27:10.220,0:27:15.210
well they’re also supposed to be wax

0:27:12.420,0:27:18.930
figurines so I guess they’re not like

0:27:15.210,0:27:21.450
yeah they don’t have an age yes yeah

0:27:18.930,0:27:23.810
yeah that was really good thank you for

0:27:21.450,0:27:23.810
sharing that

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